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News World => World Talks => Topic started by: SHANDAL on October 29, 2012, 03:16:49 PM

Title: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 29, 2012, 03:16:49 PM
History of the Nobel Prizes
By Jennifer Rosenberg,

Alfred Nobel


A pacifist at heart and an inventor by nature, Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel invented dynamite. However, the invention that he thought would end all wars was seen by many others as an extremely deadly product. In 1888, when Alfred's brother Ludvig died, a French newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred which called him the "merchant of death."

Not wanting to go down in history with such a horrible epitaph, Nobel created a will that soon shocked his relatives and established the now famous Nobel Prizes.

Who was Alfred Nobel? Why did Nobel's will make establishing the prizes so difficult?
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 29, 2012, 05:07:01 PM
Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. In 1842, when Alfred was nine years old, his mother (Andrietta Ahlsell) and brothers (Robert and Ludvig) moved to St. Petersburg, Russia to join Alfred's father (Immanuel), who had moved there five years earlier. The following year, Alfred's younger brother, Emil, was born.

Immanuel Nobel, an architect, builder, and inventor, opened a machineshop in St. Petersburg and was soon very successful with contracts from the Russian government to build defense weapons.

Because of his father's success, Alfred was tutored at home until the age of 16. Yet, many consider Alfred Nobel a mostly self-educated man. Besides being a trained chemist, Alfred was an avid reader of literature and was fluent in English, German, French, Swedish, and Russian.

Alfred also spent two years traveling. He spent much of this time working in a laboratory in Paris, but also traveled to the United States. Upon his return, Alfred worked in his father's factory. He worked there until his father went bankrupt in 1859.

Alfred soon began experimenting with nitroglycerine, creating his first explosions in early summer 1862. In only a year (October 1863), Alfred received a Swedish patent for his percussion detonator - the "Nobel lighter."

Having moved back to Sweden to help his father with an invention, Alfred established a small factory at Helenborg near Stockholm to manufacture nitroglycerine. Unfortunately, nitroglycerine is a very difficult and dangerous material to handle. In 1864, Alfred's factory blew up - killing several people, including Alfred's younger brother, Emil.

The explosion did not slow down Alfred, and within only a month, he organized other factories to manufacture nitroglycerine.

In 1867, Alfred invented a new and safer-to-handle explosive - dynamite.

Though Alfred became famous for his invention of dynamite, many people did not intimately know Alfred Nobel. He was a quiet man who did not like a lot of pretense or show. He had very few friends and never married.

And though he recognized the destructive power of dynamite, Alfred believed it was a harbinger of peace. Alfred told Bertha von Suttner, an advocate for world peace,

My factories may make an end of war sooner than your congresses. The day when two army corps can annihilate each other in one second, all civilized nations, it is to be hoped, will recoil from war and discharge their troops.*
Unfortunately, Alfred did not see peace in his time. Alfred Nobel, chemist and inventor, died alone on December 10, 1896 after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage.

After several funeral services were held and Alfred Nobel's body was cremated, the will was opened. Everyone was shocked.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 30, 2012, 05:53:37 AM
The Will

Alfred Nobel had written several wills during his lifetime, but the last one was dated November 27, 1895 - a little over a year before he died.

Nobel's last will left approximately 94 percent of his worth to the establishment of five prizes (physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace) to "those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind."

Though Nobel had proposed a very grandiose plan for the prizes in his will, there were a great many problems with the will.

Relatives of Alfred Nobel were so shocked that many wanted the will contested.
The format of the will had formal defects which could have caused the will to be contested in France.
It was unclear which country Alfred had his legal residence. He was a Swedish citizen until age nine, but after that he had lived in Russia, France, and Italy without becoming a citizen. Nobel had been making plans for a final home for himself in Sweden when he died. The location of residency would determine what country's laws would govern the will and the estate. If determined to be France, the will could have been contested and French taxes would have been taken.
Because Nobel had wanted the Norwegian Storting (parliament) to choose the peace prize winner, many charged Nobel with a lack of patriotism.
The "fund" that was to implement the prizes did not yet exist and would have to be created.
The organizations that Nobel named in his will to award the prizes had not been asked to take on these duties prior to Nobel's death. Also, there was no plan to compensate these organizations for their work on the prizes.
The will did not state what should be done if no prize winners for a year were found.
Because of the incompleteness and other obstacles presented by Alfred's will, it took five years of hurdles before the Nobel Foundation could be established and the first prizes awarded.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 30, 2012, 05:56:07 AM
The First Nobel Prizes

On the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death, December 10, 1901, the first set of Nobel Prizes were awarded.

Chemistry: Jacobus H. van't Hoff
Physics: Wilhelm C. R ntgen
Physiology or Medicine: Emil A. von Behring
Literature: Rene F. A. Sully Prudhomme
Peace: Jean H. Dunant and Fr İd İric Passy
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 30, 2012, 06:00:18 AM
Fast Facts About the Nobel Prizes
By Jennifer Rosenberg,
See More About:nobel prizesalfred nobelinteresting facts
Named after Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and inventor of dynamite.
First awarded in 1901, five years after Alfred Nobel's death.
Prizes first awarded in five subjects: chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace.
Sixth subject, economics, added in 1969.
Prizes can only be awarded to individuals, except the Peace Prize.
Each award can be given to a maximum of three people per year.
Money from Nobel's estate went into a fund managed by the Nobel Foundation. The interest from the fund constitutes the monetary prize each year.
Each prize constitutes a gold medal, a diploma, and a sum of money.
If there are multiple winners of one subject, the award money is split equally among the winners.
The Literature and Peace Prizes are very controversial because the award criteria is considered subjective.
Each year there are 100 to 250 nominees for each prize.
If someone nominated himself/herself, he/she would automatically be disqualified.
Someone cannot be nominated posthumously. Yet, if someone was alive when nominated but died before the award was given, they may be awarded posthumously.
Prizes must be awarded at least once every 5-year period.
A few prize winners have declined the award.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 30, 2012, 07:16:53 AM

(FOUNDER OF NOBEL PRIZE)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 31, 2012, 08:12:44 AM
NOBEL LAUREATES OF INDIA
Year   Laureates   Subject   Origin
1902   Ronald Ross   Medicine   Foreign citizens born in India
1907   Rudyard Kipling   Literature   Foreign citizens born in India
1913   Rabindranath Tagore   Literature   Citizen of India
1930   C.V. Raman   Physics   Citizen of India
1968   Har Gobind Khorana   Medicine   Foreign citizens of Indian origin
1979   Mother Teresa   Peace   Citizen of India
1983   Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar   Physics   Indian-born American citizen
1998   Amartya Sen   Economic Sciences   Citizen of India
2001   VS Naipaul   Literature   Foreign citizens of Indian origin
2009   Venkatraman Ramakrishnan   Chemistry   Indian born American Citizen
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:05:24 AM
NOBEL PEACE PRIZE


Who Chooses the Nobel Peace Prize Winners?
 The Nobel Peace Prize winner is chosen by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, which is make up of five fiercely-independent members. Since 1936, government officials have been prohibited from sitting on the committee to avoid any hints that the Committee may be influenced by the current political climate in Norway.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:07:08 AM
How Do You Get Nominated to Be a Nobel Peace Prize Winner?
 You can't nominate yourself or others for the prize, and you can't campaign to be chosen the winner. In fact, you won't even know if you've been nominated " according to an article in The Associated Press, Common Misconceptions about the Nobel Peace Prize, records of nominees can be kept sealed for up to 50 years.
 According to the Nobel Peace Prize website, nominees are only accepted from a select few people, including members of national governments, members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and of the International Court of Justice at the Hague, former Nobel Peace Prize winners, and so on. Organizations can be nominated, as well as individuals
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:08:20 AM
How Are Nobel Peace Prize Winners Chosen?
 The goal of the Nobel Peace Prize is to award people who "have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."
 Oftentimes, the winners are people who have not completed their work toward peace, but who are at a critical juncture in their work and who need the support that winning the Nobel Peace Prize brings.
 
To pick the winners, the Norwegian Nobel Committee considers all nominees, and selects a "short list" of around five to 20 people for further review. Those candidates are then reviewed with advice from the Committee's permanent advisors and other experts.
 
The Committee attempts to reach a unanimous vote through discussions and debates. If a unanimous decision can't be reached by the deadline at the beginning of October, a majority vote will suffice to name the Nobel Peace Prize winner.
 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:11:00 AM
What Prize Does the Nobel Peace Prize Winner Receive?
 The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize receives a medal, the title of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, a personal diploma, and 10 million Swedish crowns (more than $1.4 million US dollars).
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:19:46 AM

Nobel Peace Prize Winners








1901

Jean H. Dunant
Fr İd İric Passy

Switzerland
France

 

1902

°lie Ducommun
Charles A. Gobat

Switzerland
Switzerland

 

1903

Sir William R. Cremer

Great Britain

 

1904

Institute of International Law

 

 

1905

Baroness Bertha von Suttner

Austria

 

1906

Theodore Roosevelt

United States

 

1907

Ernesto T. Moneta
Louis Renault

Italy
France

 

1908

Klas P. Arnoldson
Fredrik Bajer

Sweden
Denmark

 

1909

Auguste M. F. Beernaert
Paul H. B. B. d'Estournelles de Constant

Belgium
France

 

1910

Permanent International Peace Bureau

 



1911

Tobias M. C. Asser
Alfred H. Fried

Netherlands
Austria

 

1912

Elihu Root

United States

 

1913

Henri La Fontaine

Belgium

 

1914

 

 

 

1915

 

 

 

1916

 

 

 

1917

International Red Cross

 

 

1918

 

 

 

1919

Woodrow Wilson

United States

 

1920

L İon V. A. Bourgeois

France



1921

Karl H. Branting
Christian L. Lange

Sweden
Norway

 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:25:36 AM

Nobel Peace Prize Winners

 

1922

Fridtjof Nansen

Norway

 

1923

 

 

 

1924

 

 

 

1925

Sir J. Austen Chamberlain
Charles G. Dawes

Great Britain
United States

 

1926

Aristide Briand
Gustav Stresemann

France
Germany

 

1927

Ferdinand E. Buisson
Ludwig Quidde

France
Germany

 

1928

 

 

 

1929

Frank B. Kellogg

United States

 

1930

Nathan S derblom

Sweden



1931

Jane Addams
Nicholas Murray Butler

United States
United States

 

1932

 

 

 

1933

Sir Norman Angell

Great Britain

 

1934

Arthur Henderson

Great Britain

 

1935

Carl von Ossietzky

Germany

 

1936

Carlos de Saavedra Lamas

Argentina

 

1937

Viscount Cecil of Chelwood

Great Britain

 

1938

Nansen International Office for Refugees

 

 

1939

 

 

 

1940

 

 



1941

 

 

 

1942

 

 

 

1943

 

 

 

1944

International Red Cross

 

 

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:31:10 AM

Nobel Peace Prize Winners




 

 

1945

Cordell Hull

United States

 

1946

Emily G. Balch
John R. Mott

United States
United States

 

1947

Friends Service Council
American Friends Service Committee

Great Britain
United States

 

1948

 

 

 

1949

Lord John Boyd Orr of Brechin Mearns

Great Britain

 

1950

Ralph J. Bunche

United States



1951

L İon Jouhaux

France

 

1952

Albert Schweitzer

France

 

1953

George C. Marshall

United States

 

1954

Office of UN High Commission for Refugees

 

 

1955

 

 

 

1956

 

 

 

1957

Lester B. Pearson

Canada

 

1958

Georges Pire

Belgium

 

1959

Philip J. Noel-Baker

Great Britain

 

1960

Albert J. Luthuli

South Africa



1961

Dag Hammarskj ld

Sweden

 

1962

Linus C. Pauling

United States

 

1963

International Red Cross,
   League of Red Cross Societies

 

 

1964

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:37:07 AM

Nobel Peace Prize winners

 

1965

UN Children's Fund (UNICEF)

 

 

1966

 

 

 

1967

 

 

 

1968

Ren İ Cassin

France

 

1969

International Labor Organization

 

 

1970

Norman E. Borlaug

United States



1971

Willy Brandt

Germany

 

1972

 

 

 

1973

Henry Kissinger
Le Duc Tho (declined)

United States
North Vietnam

 

1974

Eisaku Sato
Sean MacBride

Japan
Ireland

 

1975

Andrei Sakharov

Soviet Union

 

1976

Mairead Corrigan
Betty Williams

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

 

1977

Amnesty International

 

 

1978

Anwar Sadat
Menachem Begin

Egypt
Israel

 

1979

Mother Teresa of Calcutta

Albania - India

 

1980

Adolfo P İrez Esquivel

Argentina



1981

Office of UN High Commission for Refugees

 

 

1982

Alva Myrdal
Alfonso Garcia Robles

Sweden
Mexico

 

1983

Lech Walesa

Poland

 

1984

Bishop Desmond Tutu

South Africa

 

1985

International Physicians for the
   Prevention of Nuclear War

United States

 

1986

Elie Wiesel

Romania - United States

 

1987

Oscar Arias Sanchez

Costa Rica

 

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 08:43:55 AM

Nobel Peace Prize Winners
 

1988

UN Peacekeeping Forces

 

 

1989

Dalai Lama

Tibet

 

1990

Mikhail S. Gorbachev

Soviet Union



1991

Aung San Suu Kyi

Myanmar

 

1992

Rigoberta Mench ş

Guatemala

 

1993

Frederik W. de Klerk
Nelson Mandela

South Africa
South Africa

 

1994

Yasir Arafat
Shimon Peres
Yitzhak Rabin

Palestine
Israel
Israel

 

1995

Joseph Rotblat
Pugwash Conference

Poland - Great Britain
 

 

1996

Bishop Carlos Ximenes Belo
Jos İ Ramos-Horta

Timor
Timor

 

1997

Jody Williams
International Campaign to Ban Landmines

United States
 

 

1998

John Hume
David Trimble

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

 

1999

M İdecins Sans Fronti İres

Switzerland

 

2000

Kim Dae Jung

South Korea



2001

United Nations
Kofi Annan

 
Ghana

 

2002

Jimmy Carter

United States

 

2003

Shirin Ebadi

Iran

 

2004

Wangari Muta Maathai

Kenya

 

2005

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Mohamed ElBaradei

Austria
Egypt

 

2006

Muhammad Yunus
Grameen Bank

Bangladesh
Bangladesh

 

2007

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Albert Arnold Gore Jr.

Switzerland
United States

 

2008

Martti Ahtisaari

Finland

 

2009

Barack Obama

United States

 

2010

Liu Xiaobo

China

 

2011

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Leymah Gbowee
Tawakkol Karman

Liberia
Liberia
Yemen

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 09:01:45 AM


The Nobel Peace Prize 2012


European Union (EU)


The Nobel Peace Prize 2012 was awarded to European Union (EU) "for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe".
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 02, 2012, 09:20:45 AM
 Year2012   (   Nobel Prize Winners   )
 
Serge Haroche;                             Physics
 David J. Wineland
 
Brian K. Kobilka;                           Chemistry
 Robert J. Lefkowitz
 
John B. Gurdon;                          Physiology or Medicine
 Shinya Yamanaka
 
Mo Yan                                        Literature
 
European Union                            Peace
 
Alvin E. Roth;                               Economics
 Lloyd S. Shap
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:20:31 AM


Nobel Prize in Chemistry     

Year
 
Laureate
 
Country
 
Research
 


1901

Jacobus H. van't Hoff

Netherlands

Discovered laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions



1902

Emil Hermann Fischer

Germany

Synthetic studies of sugar and purine groups



1903

Svante A. Arrhenius

Sweden

Theory of electrolytic dissociation



1904

Sir William Ramsay

Great Britain

Discovered the noble gases



1905

Adolf von Baeyer

Germany

Organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds



1906

Henri Moissan

France

Studied and isolated the element fluorine



1907

Eduard Buchner

Germany

Biochemical studies, discovered fermentation without cells



1908

Sir Ernest Rutherford

Great Britain

Decay of the elements, chemistry of radioactive substances



1909

Wilhelm Ostwald

Germany

Catalysis, chemical equilibria, and reaction rates



1910

Otto Wallach

Germany

Alicyclic compounds



1911

Marie Curie

Poland-France

Discovered radium and polonium



1912

Victor Grignard
Paul Sabatier

France
France

Grignard's reagent
Hydrogenation of organic compounds in the presence of finely devided metals
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:25:52 AM

1913

Alfred Werner

Switzerland

Bonding relations of atoms in molecules (inorganic chemistry)



1914

Theodore W. Richards

United States

Determined atomic weights



1915

Richard M. Willst ¤tter

Germany

Investigated plant pigments, particularly chlorophyll



1916

 

 

The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section



1917

 

 

The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section



1918

Fritz Haber

Germany

Synthesized ammonia from its elements



1919

 

 

The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section



1920

Walther H. Nernst

Germany

Studies on thermodynamics



1921

Frederick Soddy

Great Britain

Chemistry of radioactive substances, occurrence and nature of the isotopes



1922

Francis William Aston

Great Britain

Discovered several isotopes, mass spectrograph



1923

Fritz Pregl

Austria

Microanalysis of organic compounds



1924

 

 

The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:27:22 AM

1925

Richard A. Zsigmondy

Germany, Austria

Colloid chemistry (ultramicroscope)



1926

Theodor Svedberg

Sweden

Disperse systems (ultracentrifuge)



1927

Heinrich O. Wieland

Germany

Constitution of bile acids



1928

Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus

Germany

Study of sterols and their relation with vitamins (vitamin D)



1929

Sir Arthur Harden
Hans von Euler-Chelpin

Great Britain
Sweden, Germany

Studied fermentation of sugars and enzymes



1930

Hans Fischer

Germany

Studied blood and plant pigments, synthesized hemin



1931

Friedrich Bergius
Karl Bosch

Germany
Germany

Developed chemical high-pressure processes



1932

Irving Langmuir

United States

Surface chemistry



1933

 

 

The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.



1934

Harold Clayton Urey

United States

Discovery of heavy hydrogen (deuterium)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:28:53 AM

1935

Frederic Joliot-Curie
Ir İne Joliot-Curie

France
France

Syntheses of new radioactive elements (artificial radioactivity)



1936

Peter J. W. Debye

Netherlands, Germany

Studied dipole moments and the diffraction of X rays and electron beams by gases



1937

Walter N. Haworth
Paul Karrer

Great Britain
Switzerland

Studied carbohydrates and vitamin C
Studied carotenoids and flavins and vitamins A and B2



1938

Richard Kuhn

Germany

Studied carotenoids and vitamins



1939

Adolf F. J. Butenandt
Lavoslav Stjepan Ru ička

Germany
Switzerland

Studies on sexual hormones
Studied polymethylenes and higher terpenes



1940

 

 

The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section



1941

 

 

The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.



1942

 

 

The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.



1943

Georg de Hevesy

Hungary

Application of isotopes as indicators in the investigation of chemical processes



1944

Otto Hahn

Germany

Discovered nuclear fission of atoms



1945

Artturi Ilmari Virtanen

Finland

Discoveries in the area of agricultural and food chemistry, method of preservation of fodder
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:30:23 AM

1946

James B. Sumner
John H. Northrop
Wendell M. Stanley

United States
United States
United States

Prepared enzymes and virus proteins in pure form
Crystallizability of enzymes



1947

Sir Robert Robinson

Great Britain

Studied alkaloids



1948

Arne W. K. Tiselius

Sweden

Analysis using electrophoresis and adsorption, discoveries concerning serum proteins



1949

William F. Giauque

United States

Contributions to chemical thermodynamics, properties at extremely low temperatures (adiabatic demagnetization)



1950

Kurt Alder
Otto P. H. Diels

Germany
Germany

Developed diene synthesis



1951

Edwin M. McMillan
Glenn T. Seaborg

United States
United States

Discoveries in the chemistry of transuranium elements



1952

Archer J. P. Martin
Richard L. M. Synge

Great Britain
Great Britain

Invented distribution chromatography



1953

Hermann Staudinger

Germany

Discoveries in the area of macromolecular chemistry



1954

Linus C. Pauling

United States

Studied the nature of the chemical bond (molecular structure of proteins)



1955

Vincent du Vigneaud

United States

Synthesized a polypeptide hormone
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:31:37 AM

1956

Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood
Nikolai N. Semenov

Great Britain
Soviet Union

Mechanisms of chemical reactions



1957

Sir Alexander R. Todd

Great Britain

Studied nucleotides and their coenzymes



1958

Frederick Sanger

Great Britain

Structure of proteins, especially insulin



1959

Jaroslav Heyrovsk

Czech Republic

Polarography



1960

Willard F. Libby

United States

Application of carbon 14 for age determinations (radiocarbon dating)



1961

Melvin Calvin

United States

Studied the assimilation of carbonic acid by plants (photosynthesis)



1962

John C. Kendrew
Max F. Perutz

Great Britain
Great Britain, Austria

Studied the structures of globulin proteins



1963

Giulio Natta
Karl Ziegler

Italy
Germany

Chemistry and technology of high polymers



1964

Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin

Great Britain

Structure determination of biologically important substances by means of X rays



1965

Robert B. Woodward

United States

Syntheses of natural products
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:32:50 AM

1966

Robert S. Mulliken

United States

Studied chemical bonds and the electron structure of molecules using the orbital method



1967

Manfred Eigen
Ronald G. W. Norrish
George Porter

Germany
Great Britain
Great Britain

Investigated extremely fast chemical reactions



1968

Lars Onsager

United States, Norway

Studied the thermodynamics of irreversible processes



1969

Derek H. R. Barton
Odd Hassel

Great Britain
Norway

Development of the concept of conformation



1970

Luis F. Leloir

Argentina

Discovery of sugar nucleotides and their role in the biosynthesis of carbohydrates



1971

Gerhard Herzberg

Canada

Electron structure and geometry of molecules, particularly of free radicals (molecular spectroscopy)



1972

Christian B. Anfinsen
Stanford Moore
William H. Stein

United States
United States
United States

Studied ribonuclease (Anfinsen)
Studied the active center of ribonuclease (Moore & Stein)



1973

Ernst Otto Fischer
Geoffrey Wilkinson

Germany
Great Britain

Chemistry of metal-organic sandwich compounds



1974

Paul J. Flory

United States

Physical chemistry of macromolecules



1975

John Cornforth
Vladimir Prelog

Australia - Great Britain
Yugoslavia - Switzerland

Stereochemistry of enzyme catalysis reactions
Studied the stereochemistry of organic molecules and reactions
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:34:04 AM

1976

William N. Lipscomb

United States

Structure of boranes



1977

Ilya Prigogine

Belgium

Contributions to the thermodynamics of irreversible processes, particularly to the theory of dissipative structures



1978

Peter Mitchell

Great Britain

Studied biological energy transfer, development of the chemiosmotic theory



1979

Herbert C. Brown
Georg Wittig

United States
Germany

Development of (organic) boron and phosphorous compounds



1980

Paul Berg
Walter Gilbert
Frederick Sanger

United States
United States
Great Britain

Studied the biochemistry of nucleic acids, particularly hybrid DNA (technology of gene surgery) (Berg)
Determined base sequences in nucleic acids (Gilbert & Sanger)



1981

Kenichi Fukui
Roald Hoffmann

Japan
United States

Theories on the progress of chemical reactions (frontier orbital theory)



1982

Aaron Klug

South Africa

Developed crystallographic methods for the elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid protein complexes



1983

Henry Taube

Canada

Reaction mechanisms of electron transfer, especially with metal complexes



1984

Robert Bruce Merrifield

United States

Method for the preparation of peptides and proteins



1985

Herbert A. Hauptman
Jerome Karle

United States
United States

Developed direct methods for the determination of crystal structures
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:35:27 AM
1986

Dudley R. Herschbach
Yuan T. Lee
John C. Polanyi

United States
United States
Canada

Dynamics of chemical elementary processes



1987

Donald James Cram
Charles J. Pedersen
Jean-Marie Lehn

United States
United States
France

Development of molecules with structurally specific interaction of high selectivity



1988

Johann Deisenhofer
Robert Huber
Hartmut Michel

Germany
Germany
Germany

Determined the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction center



1989

Thomas Robert Cech
Sidney Altman

United States
United States

Discovered the catalytic properties of ribonucleic acid (RNA)



1990

Elias James Corey

United States

Developed novel methods for the synthesis of complex natural compounds (retrosynthetic analysis)



1991

Richard R. Ernst

Switzerland

Developed high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR)



1992

Rudolph A. Marcus

Canada - United States

Theories of electron transfer



1993

Kary B. Mullis
Michael Smith

United States
Great Britain - Canada

Invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Development of site specific mutagenesis



1994

George A. Olah

United States

Carbocations



1995

Paul Crutzen
Mario Molina
F. Sherwood Rowland

Netherlands
Mexico - United States
United States

Work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone



1996

Harold W. Kroto
Robert F. Curl, Jr.
Richard E. Smalley

Great Britain
United States
United States

Discovered fullerenes



1997

Paul Delos Boyer
John E. Walker
Jens C. Skou

United States
Great Britain
Denmark

Elucidated the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
 first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+-ATPase
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 02:38:30 AM

1998

Walter Kohn
John A. Pople

United States
Great Britain

Development of the density-functional theory (Kohn)
Development of computational methods in quantum chemistry (GAUSSIAN computer programs) (Pope)



1999

Ahmed H. Zewail

Egypt - United States

Studied the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy



2000

Alan J. Heeger
Alan G. MacDiarmid
Hideki Shirakawa

United States
United States
Japan

Discovered and developed conductive polymers



2001

William S. Knowles
Ryoji Noyori
Karl Barry Sharpless

United States
Japan
United States


Work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions (Knowles & Noyori)
Work on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions (Sharpless)



2002

John Bennett Fenn
Jokichi Takamine
Kurt W thrich

United States
Japan
Switzerland

Developed soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules (Fenn & Tanaka)
Developed nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution (W thrich)



2003

Peter Agre
Roderick MacKinnon

United States
United States

Discovered water channels for transport of water in cell membranes
Performed structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels in cells



2004

Aaron Ciechanover
Avaram Hershko
Irwin Rose

Israel
Israel
United States

Discovered and elucidated the process of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation



2005

Yves Chauvin
Robert H. Grubbs
Richard R. Schrock

France
United States
United States

Developed the metathesis method of organic synthesis, allowing for advances in 'green' chemistry



2006

Roger D. Kornberg

United States

"for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription"



2007

Gerhard Ertl

Germany

"for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces"



2008

Shimomura Osamu
Martin Chalfie
Roger Y. Tsien

United States

"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"



2009

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
Thomas A. Steitz
Ada E. Yonath

United Kingdom
United States
Isreal

"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"



2010

Ei-ichi Negishi
Akira Suzuki
Richard Heck

Japan
Japan
United States

"for the development of palladium-catalyzed cross coupling"



2011

Daniel Shechtman

Israel

"for the discovery of quasi-crystals"



2012

Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka

United States

"for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:01:29 AM
Nobel Physics Prize Winners


1901

Wilhelm C. R ntgen

Germany

 

1902

Hendrik A. Lorentz
Pieter Zeeman

Netherlands
Netherlands

 

1903

Antoine Henri Becquerel
Pierre Curie
Marie Curie

France
France
Poland - France

 

1904

John W. Strutt

Great Britain

 

1905

Philipp E. A. von Lenard

Germany

 

1906

Sir Joseph J. Thomson

Great Britain

 

1907

Albert A. Michelson

United States

 

1908

Gabriel Lippmann

France

 

1909

Carl F. Braun
Guglielmo Marconi

Germany
Italy

 

1910

Johannes D. van der Waals

Netherlands
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:03:19 AM

1911

Wilhelm Wien

Germany

 

1912

Nils G. Dalen

Sweden

 

1913

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Netherlands

 

1914

Max von Laue

Germany

 

1915

Sir William H. Bragg
Sir William L. Bragg

Great Britain
Great Britain

 

1916

 

 

 

1917

Charles G. Barkla

Great Britain

 

1918

Max K. E. L. Planck

Germany

 

1919

Johannes Stark

Germany

 

1920

Charles E. Guillaume

France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:04:11 AM

1921

Albert Einstein

Germany - United States

 

1922

Niels Bohr

Denmark

 

1923

Robert A. Millikan

United States

 

1924

Karl M. G. Siegbahn

Sweden

 

1925

James Franck
Gustav Hertz

Germany
Germany

 

1926

Jean B. Perrin

France

 

1927

Arthur H. Compton
Charles T. R. Wilson

United States
Great Britain

 

1928

Owen W. Richardson

Great Britain

 

1929

Prince Louis-Victor de Broglie

France

 

1930

Sir Chandrasekhara V. Raman

India
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:05:04 AM

1931

 

 

 

1932

Werner Heisenberg

Germany

 

1933

Paul A. M. Dirac
Erwin Schrodinger

Great Britain
Austria

 

1934

 

 

 

1935

Sir James Chadwick

Great Britain

 

1936

Carl D. Anderson
Victor F. Hess

United States
Austria

 

1937

Clinton J. Davisson
Sir George P. Thomson

United States
Great Britain

 

1938

Enrico Fermi

Italy - United States

 

1939

Ernest O. Lawrence

United States

 

1940

 

 



1941

 

 

 

1942

 

 

 

1943

Otto Stern

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:05:52 AM

1944

Isidor Isaac Rabi

United States

 

1945

Wolfgang Pauli

United States

 

1946

Percy W. Bridgman

United States

 

1947

Sir Edward V. Appleton

Great Britain

 

1948

Patrick M. S. Blackett

Great Britain

 

1949

Hideki Yukawa

Japan

 

1950

Cecil F. Powell

Great Britain



1951

Sir John D. Cockroft
Ernest T. S. Walton

Great Britain
Ireland

 

1952

Felix Bloch
Edward M. Purcell

United States
United States

 

1953

Frits Zernike

Netherlands

 

1954

Max Born
Walter Bothe

Great Britain
Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:06:35 AM

1955

Polykarp Kusch
Willis E. Lamb

United States
United States

 

1956

John Bardeen
Walter H. Brattain
William Shockley

United States
United States
United States

 

1957

Tsung-dao Lee
Chen Ning Yang

United States
United States

 

1958

Pavel Cherenkov
Ilya Frank
Igor Y. Tamm

Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Soviet Union

 

1959

Owen Chamberlain
Emilio G. Segr İe

United States
United States

 

1960

Donald A. Glaser

United States



1961

Robert Hofstadter
Rudolf L. M ssbauer

United States
Germany

 

1962

Lev D. Landau

Soviet Union

 

1963

Maria Goeppert-Mayer
Eugene P. Wigner
J. Hans D. Jensen

United States
United States
Germany

 

1964

Nikolai G. Basov
Aleksander M. Prochorov
Charles H. Townes

Soviet Union
Soviet Union
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:07:26 AM

1965

Richard P. Feynman
Julian S. Schwinger
Shinichiro Tomonaga

United States
United States
Japan

 

1966

Alfred Kastler

France

 

1967

Hans A. Bethe

United States

 

1968

Luis W. Alvarez

United States

 

1969

Murray Gell-Mann

United States

 

1970

Louis N İel
Hannes Alfv İn

France
Sweden



1971

Dennis Gabor

Great Britain

 

1972

John Bardeen
Leon N. Cooper
John R. Schrieffer

United States
United States
United States

 

1973

Ivar Giaever
Leo Esaki
Brian D. Josephson

United States
Japan
Great Britain

 

1974

Martin Ryle
Antony Hewish

Great Britain
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:08:29 AM

1975

James Rainwater
Ben Mottelson
Aage Bohr

United States
United States - Denmark
Denmark

 

1976

Burton Richter
Samuel C. C. Ting

United States
United States

 

1977

John H. Van Vleck
Philip W. Anderson
Nevill F. Mott

United States
United States
Great Britain

 

1978

Pyotr Kapitsa
Arno Penzias
Robert Wilson

Soviet Union
United States
United States

 

1979

Steven Weinberg
Sheldon L. Glashow
Abdus Salam

United States
United States
Pakistan

 

1980

James W. Cronin
Val L. Fitch

United States
United States



1981

Nicolaas Bloembergen
Arthur Schaalow
Kai M. Siegbahn

United States
United States
Sweden

 

1982

Kenneth G. Wilson

United States

 

1983

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
William A. Fowler

United States
United States

 

1984

Carlo Rubbia
Simon van der Meer

Italy
Netherlands
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:09:37 AM

1985

Klaus von Klitzing

Germany

 

1986

Ernest Ruska
Gerd Binnig
Heinrich Rohrer

Germany
Germany
Switzerland

 

1987

K. Alex M ller
J. Georg Bednorz

Switzerland
Germany

 

1988

Leon M. Lederman
Melvin Schwartz
Jack Steinberger

United States
United States
United States

 

1989

Norman F. Ramsey
Hans G. Dehmelt
Wolfgang Paul

United States
Germany - United States
Germany

 

1990

Richard E. Taylor
Jerome I. Friedman
Henry W. Kendall

Canada
United States
United States



1991

Pierre-Giles de Gennes

France

 

1992

Georges Charpak

Poland - France

 

1993

Joseph H. Taylor
Russell A. Hulse

United States
United States

 

1994

Bertram N. Brockhouse
Clifford G. Shull

Canada
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:10:58 AM

1995

Martin Perl
Frederick Reines

United States
United States

 

1996

David M. Lee
Douglas D. Osheroff
Robert C. Richardson

United States
United States
United States

 

1997

Steven Chu
William D. Phillips
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

United States
United States
France

 

1998

Robert B. Laughlin
Horst L. St rmer
Daniel C. Tsui

United States
United States
United States

 

1999

Gerardus 't Hooft
Martinus J.G. Veltman

Netherlands
Netherlands

 

2000

Zhores I. Alferov
Herbert Kroemer
Jack S. Kilby

Russia
Germany
United States



2001

Eric A. Cornell
Wolfgang Ketterle
Carl E. Wieman

United States
Germany
United States

 

2002

Raymond Davis Jr.
Masatoshi Koshiba
Riccardo Giacconi

United States
Japan
United States

 

2003

Alexei A. Abrikosov
Vitaly L. Ginzburg
Anthony J. Leggett

United States - Russia
Russia
United Kingdom - United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 07, 2012, 06:12:05 AM

2004

David J. Gross
H. David Politzer
Frank Wilczek

United States
United States
United States

 

2005

Roy J. Glauber
John L. Hall
Theodor W. H ¤nsch

United States
United States
Germany

 

2006

John C. Mather
George F. Smoot

United States
United States

 

2007

Albert Fert
Peter Gr nberg

France
Germany

 

2008

Yoichiro Nambu
Makoto Kobayashi
Toshihide Maskawa

United States
Japan
Japan

 

2009

Charles K. Kao
Willard S. Boyl
George E. Smith

United Kingdom - China
United States
United States

 

2010

Andre Geim
Konstantin Novoselov

Russia
Russia

 

2011

Saul Perlmutter
Brian P. Schmidt
Adam G. Riess
 
United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:31:06 AM
Nobel Literature Prize Winners


1901

Rene F. A. Sully Prudhomme

France

 

1902

Theodore Mommsen

Germany

 

1903

Bjornsterne Bjornson

Norway

 

1904

Frederic Mistral
Jose Echegaray

France
Spain

 

1905

Henryk Sienkiewicz

Poland

 

1906

Giosue Carducci

Italy

 

1907

Rudyard Kipling

Great Britain

 

1908

Rudolf C. Eucken

Germany

 

1909

Selma Lagerl f

Sweden

 

1910

Paul J. L. Heyse

Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:31:57 AM

1911

Maurice Maeterlinck

Belgium

 

1912

Gerhart Hauptmann

Germany

 

1913

Rabindranath Tagore

India

 

1914

 

 

 

1915

Romain Rolland

France

 

1916

Verner von Heidenstam

Sweden

 

1917

Karl A. Gjellerup
Henrik Pontoppidan

Denmark
Denmark

 

1918

 

 

 

1919

Carl F. G. Spitteler

Switzerland

 

1920

Knut Hamsun

Norway
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:32:44 AM

1921

Anatole France

France

 

1922

Jacinto Benavente

Spain

 

1923

William Butler Yeats

Ireland

 

1924

Wladyslaw S. Reymont

Poland

 

1925

George Bernard Shaw

Ireland - Great Britain

 

1926

Grazia Deledda

Italy

 

1927

Henri Bergson

France

 

1928

Sigrid Undset

Norway

 

1929

Thomas Mann

Germany

 

1930

Sinclair Lewis

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:33:29 AM

1931

Erik A. Karlfeldt

Sweden

 

1932

John Galsworthy

Great Britain

 

1933

Ivan A. Bunin

Soviet Union

 

1934

Luigi Pirandello

Italy

 

1935

 

 

 

1936

Eugene O'Neill

United States

 

1937

Roger Martin du Gard

France

 

1938

Parl S. Buck

United States

 

1939

Frans E. Sillanp ¤ ¤

Finland

 

1940

 

 



1941

 

 

 

1942

 

 

 

1943

 

 

 

1944

Johannes V. Jensen

Denmark
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:34:23 AM

1945

Gabriela Mistral

Chile

 

1946

Hermann Hesse

Germany - Switzerland

 

1947

Andr İ Gide

France

 

1948

T. S. Eliot

Great Britain

 

1949

William Faulkner

United States

 

1950

Bertrand Russell

Great Britain



1951

P ¤r F. Lagerkvist

Sweden

 

1952

Francois Mauriac

France

 

1953

Sir Winston Churchill

Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:35:19 AM

1954

Ernest Hemingway

United States

 

1955

Halldor K. Laxness

Iceland

 

1956

Juan Ram n Jim İnez

Spain

 

1957

Albert Camus

France

 

1958

Boris L. Pasternak (declined)

Soviet Union

 

1959

Salvatore Quasimodo

Italy

 

1960

Saint-John Perse

France



1961

Ivo Andric

Yugoslavia

 

1962

John Steinbeck

United States

 

1963

Giorgos Seferis

Greece
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:35:59 AM

1964

Jean Paul Sartre (declined)

France

 

1965

Mikhail Sholokhov

Soviet Union

 

1966

Samuel Joseph Agnon
Nelly Sachs

Israel
Sweden

 

1967

Miguel Angel Asturias

Guatemala

 

1968

Yasunari Kawabata

Japan

 

1969

Samuel Beckett

Ireland

 

1970

Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn

Soviet Union



1971

Pablo Neruda

Chile

 

1972

Heinrich B ll

Germany

 

1973

Patrick White

Australia

 

1974

Eyvind Johnson
Harry Edmund Martinson

Sweden
Sweden
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:36:46 AM

1975

Eugenio Montale

Italy

 

1976

Saul Bellow

United States

 

1977

Vicente Aleixandre

Spain

 

1978

Isaac Bashevis Singer

United States

 

1979

Odysseus Elytis

Greek

 

1980

Czeslaw Milosz

Poland - United States



1981

Elias Canetti

Bulgaria - Great Britain

 

1982

Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Columbia - Mexico

 

1983

William Golding

Great Britain

 

1984

Jaroslav Siefert

Czechoslovakia
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:37:31 AM

1985

Claude Simon

France

 

1986

Wole Soyinka

Nigeria

 

1987

Joseph Brodsky

Soviet Union - United States

 

1988

Naguib Mahfouz

Egypt

 

1989

Camilo Jos İ Cela

Spain

 

1990

Octavio Paz

Mexico



1991

Nadine Gordimer

South Africa

 

1992

Derek Walcott

West Indies

 

1993

Toni Morrison

United States

 

1994

Kenzaburo Oe

Japan
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:38:18 AM

1995

Seamus Heaney

Ireland

 

1996

Wislawa Szymborska

Poland

 

1997

Dario Fo

Italy

 

1998

Jos İ Saramago

Portugal

 

1999

G nter Grass

Germany

 

2000

Gao Xingjian

France



2001

Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul

United Kingdom

 

2002

Imre Kert İsz

Hungary

 

2003

Imre Kert İsz

South Africa
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:38:58 AM

2004

Elfriede Jelinek

Austria

 

2005

Harold Pinter

United Kingdom

 

2006

Orhan Pamuk

Turkey

 

2007

Doris Lessing

United Kingdom

 

2008

Jean-Marie Gustave Le Cl İzio

France

 

2009

Herta M ller

Germany

 

2010

Mario Vargas Llosa

Peru

 

2011

Tomas Transtr mer

Sweden
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 05:47:19 AM

2012
 
Serge Haroche;
 David J. Wineland
 
Brian K. Kobilka;
 Robert J. Lefkowitz
 
John B. Gurdon;
 Shinya Yamanaka
 
Mo Yan
 
European Union
 
Alvin E. Roth;
 Lloyd S. Shapley
 


Year
 
Physics
 
Chemistry
 
Physiology
 or Medicine
 
Literature
 
Peace
 
Economics
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:11:30 AM

Nobel Prize in Economics

2011
The prize was awarded to:

THOMAS J. SARGENT , and CHRISTOPHER A. SIMS for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy.

 

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:12:32 AM
2010

The prize was awarded jointly to:

PETER A. DIAMOND , DALE T. MORTENSEN , and CHRISTOPHER A. PISSARIDES for their analysis of markets with search frictions.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:13:09 AM
2009

The prize was shared between:

ELINOR OSTROM for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons

and

OLIVER E. WILLIAMSON for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm



Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:15:27 AM
2008

The prize goes to:

PAUL KRUGMAN for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:15:55 AM
2007

The prize was awarded jointly to:

LEONID HURWICZ , ERIC S. MASKIN , and ROGER B. MYERSON for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:16:26 AM
2006

The prize goes to:

EDMUND S. PHELPS for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:17:01 AM



 
2005

The prize was awarded jointly to:

ROBERT J. AUMANN and THOMAS C. SCHELLING for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis.

 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:19:35 AM
2004

The prize was awarded jointly to:

FINN E. KYDLAND and EDWARD C. PRESCOTT for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:22:39 AM
2003

The prize was shared between:

ROBERT F. ENGLE for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)

and

CLIVE W. J. GRANGER , for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:23:18 AM
2002

The prize was shared between:

DANIEL KAHNEMAN for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty

and

VERNON L. SMITH, for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:23:51 AM
2001

The prize was awarded jointly to:

GEORGE A. AKERLOF, A. MICHAEL SPENCE, and JOSEPH E. STIGLITZ, for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:24:50 AM
 
2000
The prize will be shared between:

JAMES J. HECKMAN for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples

and

DANIEL L. MCFADDEN for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:25:28 AM
 
1999
ROBERT A. MUNDELL for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:25:56 AM
 
1998
AMARTYA SEN for his contributions to welfare economics.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:26:27 AM
 
1997
ROBERT C. MERTON and MYRON S. SCHOLES for a new method to determine the value of derivatives.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:26:55 AM
 
1996
JAMES A. MIRRLEES and WILLIAM VICKREY for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:27:31 AM
 
1995
ROBERT LUCAS for having developed and applied the hypothesis of rational expectations, and thereby having transformed macroeconomic analysis and deepened our understanding of economic policy.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:28:04 AM
 
1994
The prize was awarded jointly to:

JOHN C. HARSANYI , JOHN F. NASH and REINHARD SELTEN for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:28:35 AM
 
1993
The prize was awarded jointly to:

ROBERT W. FOGEL and DOUGLASS C. NORTH for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:29:07 AM
 
1992
GARY S. BECKER for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:29:37 AM
 
1991
RONALD H. COASE for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:30:11 AM
 
1990
The prize was awarded with one third each to:

HARRY M. MARKOWITZ , MERTON M. MILLER and WILLIAM F. SHARPE for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:30:46 AM
 
1989
TRYGVE HAAVELMO for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:31:17 AM
 
1988
MAURICE ALLAIS for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:31:52 AM
 
1987
ROBERT M. SOLOW for his contributions to the theory of economic growth.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:32:18 AM
 
1986
JAMES M. BUCHANAN, JR. for his development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decision-making.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:32:46 AM
 
1985
FRANCO MODIGLIANI for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:33:14 AM
 
1984
SIR RICHARD STONE for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:33:48 AM
 
1983
GERARD DEBREU for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:34:18 AM
 
1982
GEORGE J. STIGLER for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:34:47 AM
 
1981
JAMES TOBIN for his analysis of financial markets and their relations to expenditure decisions, employment, production and prices.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:35:17 AM
 
1980
LAWRENCE R. KLEIN for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:35:49 AM
 
1979
The prize was divided equally between:

THEODORE W. SCHULTZ and SIR ARTHUR LEWIS for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:36:15 AM
 
1978
HERBERT A. SIMON for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:36:43 AM
 
1977
The prize was divided equally between:

BERTIL OHLIN and JAMES E MEADE for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:37:19 AM
 
1976
MILTON FRIEDMAN for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:37:44 AM
 
1975
The prize was awarded jointly to:

LEONID VITALIYEVICH KANTOROVICH and TJALLING C. KOOPMANS for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:38:14 AM
 
1974
The prize was divided equally between:

GUNNAR MYRDAL and FRIEDRICH AUGUST VON HAYEK for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:38:43 AM
 
1973
WASSILY LEONTIEF for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:39:11 AM
 
1972
The prize was awarded jointly to:

SIR JOHN R. HICKS and KENNETH J. ARROW for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:39:37 AM
 
1971
SIMON KUZNETS for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development.

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:40:14 AM
 
1970
PAUL A SAMUELSON for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 06:40:49 AM
 
1969
The prize was awarded jointly to:

RAGNAR FRISCH and JAN TINBERGEN for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:04:08 AM
Nobel Prize Winners for Physiology or Medicine



1901

Emil A. von Behring

Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:04:40 AM
1902

Sir Ronald Ross

Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:05:11 AM
1903

Niels R. Finsen

Denmark
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:05:42 AM
1904

Ivan P. Pavlov

Russia
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:06:09 AM
1905

Robert Koch

Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:06:40 AM
1906

Camillo Golgi
Santiago Ramon y Cajal

Italy
Spain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:07:09 AM
1907

Charles L. A. Laveran

France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:07:54 AM
1907

Charles L. A. Laveran

France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:08:22 AM
1908

Paul Ehrlich
Elie Metchnikoff

Germany
France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:09:15 AM
1909

Emil Theodor Kocher

Switzerland
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:09:46 AM
1910

Albrecht Kossel

Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:10:16 AM
1911

Allvar Gullstrand

Sweden
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:10:52 AM
1912

Alexis Carrel

France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:11:19 AM
1913

Charles R. Richet

France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:11:47 AM
1914

Robert Barany

Austria
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:12:57 AM

1915

 

 

 

1916

 

 

 

1917

 

 

 

1918

 

 
No Prize in these years
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:13:25 AM
1919

Jules Bordet

Belgium
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:13:55 AM
1920

Schack A. S. Krogh

Demmark
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:14:45 AM
1921

 

 No prize this year
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:15:12 AM
1922

Archibald V. Hill
Otto F. Meyerhof

Great Britain
Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:15:51 AM
1923

Frederick G. Banting
John J. R. Macleod

Canada
Scotland
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:17:28 AM
1924

Willem Einthoven

Netherlands
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:18:13 AM
1925

 

 no prize
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:18:49 AM
1926

Johannes A. G. Fibiger

Danmark
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:19:16 AM
1927

Julius Wagner-Jauregg

Austria
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:19:45 AM
1928

Charles J. H. Nicolle

France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:20:13 AM
1929

Christiaan Eijkman
Sir Frederick G. Hopkins

Netherlands
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:20:41 AM
1930

Karl Landsteiner

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:21:10 AM
1931

Otto H. Warburg

Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:21:35 AM
1932

Edgar D. Adrian
Sir Charles S. Sherrington

Great Britain
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:22:10 AM
1933

Thomas H. Morgan

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:22:42 AM
1934

George R. Minot
William P. Murphy
G. H. Whipple

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:23:10 AM
1935

Hans Spemann

Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:23:38 AM
1936

Sir Henry H. Dale
Otto Loewi

Great Britain
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:24:06 AM
1937

Albert Szent-Gyorgyi

Hungary - United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:24:33 AM
1938

Corneille J. F. Heymans

Belgium
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:25:00 AM
1939

Gerhard Domagk

Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:26:01 AM

1940

 

 



1941

 

 

 

1942

 
no prize
 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:28:35 AM
1943

Henrik C. P. Dam
Edward A. Doisy

Denmark
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:29:06 AM
1944

Joseph Erlanger
Herbert S. Gasser

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:29:36 AM
1945

Ernst B. Chain
Sir Alexander Fleming
Sir Howard W. Florey

Great Britain
Great Britain
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:30:02 AM
1946

Hermann J. Muller

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:30:31 AM
1947

Carl F. Cori
Gerty T. Cori
Bernardo A. Houssay

United States
United States
Argentina
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:31:02 AM
1948

Paul H. M ller

Switzerland
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:31:34 AM
1949

Walter R. Hess
Antonio Moniz

Switzerland
Portugal
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:31:59 AM
1950

Philip S. Hench
Edward C. Kendall
Tadeus Reichstein

United States
United States
Switzerland
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:32:23 AM
1951

Max Theiler

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:32:50 AM
1952

Selman A. Waksman

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:33:18 AM
1953

Sir Hans A. Krebs
Fritz A. Lipmann

Great Britain
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:33:44 AM
1954

John F. Enders
Frederick C. Robbins
Thomas H. Weller

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:34:33 AM
1955

Alex H. T. Theorell

Sweden
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:35:02 AM
1956

Andr İ F. Cournand
Dickinson W. Richards, Jr.
Werner Forssmann

United States
United States
Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:35:28 AM
1957

Daniel Bovet

Italy
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:36:15 AM
1958

George W. Beadle
Edward L. Tatum
Joshua Lederberg

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:36:57 AM
1959

Arthur Kornberg
Severo Ochoa

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:37:59 AM
1960

Sir F. MacFarlane Burnet
Peter B. Medawar

Australia
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:38:27 AM
1961

Georg von B İk İsy

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:38:54 AM
1962

Francis H. C. Crick
Maurice H. F. Wilkins
James D. Watson

Great Britain
Great Britain
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:39:20 AM
1963

Sir John C. Eccles
Alan L. Hodgkin
Andrew F. Huxley

Australia
Great Britain
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:39:45 AM
1964

Konrad E. Bloch
Feodor Lynen

United States
Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:40:11 AM
1965

Francois Jacob
Andr İ Lwoff
Jacques Monod

France
France
France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:40:38 AM
1966

Charles B. Huggins
Francis Peyton Rous

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:41:28 AM
1967

Ragnar Granit
Haldan Keffer Hartline
George Wald

Sweden
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:42:00 AM
1968

Robert W. Holley
H. Gobind Khorana
Marshall W. Nirenberg

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:42:31 AM
1969

Max Delbr ck
Alfred D. Hershey
Salvador Luria

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:43:01 AM
1970

Julius Axelrod
Sir Bernard Katz
Ulf von Euler

United States
Great Britain
Sweden
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:43:29 AM
1971

Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:43:53 AM
1972

Gerald M. Edelman
Rodney R. Porter

United States
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:44:21 AM
1973

Karl von Frisch
Konrad Lorenz
Nikolaas Tinbergen

Germany
Germany - Austria
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:44:49 AM
1974

Albert Claude
George Emil Palade
Christian Rene de Duve

Luxembourg - United States
Romania - United States
Belgium
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:45:18 AM
1975

David Baltimore
Howard Temin
Renato Dulbecco

United States
United States
Italy - United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:45:45 AM
1976

Baruch S. Blumberg
Daniel Carleton Gajdusek

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:46:20 AM
1977

Rosalyn S. Yalow
Roger C. L. Guillemin
Andrew V. Schally

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:47:03 AM
1978

Daniel Nathans
Hamilton O. Smith
Werner Arber

United States
United States
Switzerland
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:47:45 AM
1979

Allan M. Cormack
Godfrey N. Hounsfield

United States
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:48:13 AM
1980

Baruj Benacerraf
George Snell
Jean Dausset

United States
United States
France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:48:39 AM
1981

Roger W. Sperry
David H. Hubel
Tosten N. Wiesel

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:49:10 AM
1982

Sune Bergstr m
Bengt Samuelsson
John R. Vane

Sweden
Sweden
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:49:42 AM
1983

Barbara McClintock

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:50:08 AM
1984

C İsar Milstein
Georges J. F. K hler
Niels K. Jerne

Great Britain - Argentina
Germany
Great Britain - Denmark
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:50:37 AM
1985

Michael S. Brown
Joseph L. Goldstein

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:51:10 AM
1986

Rita Levi-Montalcini
Stanley Cohen

Italy - United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:51:36 AM
1987

Susumu Tonegawa

Japan
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:52:01 AM
1988

Gertrude B. Elion
George H. Hitchings
Sir James Black

United States
United States
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:52:26 AM
1989

J. Michael Bishop
Harold E. Varmus

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:53:04 AM
1990

Joseph E. Murray
E. Donnall Thomas

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:53:33 AM
1991

Edwin Neher
Bert Sakmann

Germany
Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:53:59 AM
1992

Edmond H. Fisher
Edwin G. Krebs

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:54:28 AM
1993

Phillip A. Sharp
Richard J. Roberts

United States
Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:54:53 AM
1994

Alfred G. Gilman
Martin Rodbell

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:55:40 AM
1995

Edward B. Lewis
Eric F. Wieschaus
Christiane N sslein-Volhard

United States
United States
Germany
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:56:05 AM
1996

Peter C. Doherty
Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Australia
Switzerland
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:56:30 AM
1997

Stanley B. Prusiner

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:56:54 AM
1998

Robert F. Furchgott
Louis J. Ignarro
Ferid Murad

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:57:26 AM
1999

G nter Blobel

United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:57:51 AM
2000

Arvid Carlsson
Paul Greengard
Eric Kandel

Sweden
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:58:26 AM
2001

Leland H. Hartwell
Tim Hunt
Sir Paul M. Nurse

United States
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 07:59:37 AM
2002

Sydney Brenner
H. Robert Horvitz
John E. Sulston

United Kingdom
United States
United Kingdom
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:00:05 AM
2003

Paul C. Lauterbur
Sir Peter Mansfield

United States
United Kingdom
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:00:35 AM
2004

Richard Axel
Linda B. Buck

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:01:15 AM
2005

Barry J. Marshall
J. Robin Warren

Australia
Australia
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:01:47 AM
2006

Andrew Z. Fire
Craig C. Mello

United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:02:14 AM
2007

Mario R. Capecchi
Sir Martin J. Evans
Oliver Smithies

United States
United Kingdom
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:02:43 AM
2008

Harald zur Hausen
Fran oise Barr İ-Sinoussi
Luc Montagnier

Germany
France
France
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:03:18 AM
2009

Elizabeth H. Blackburn
Carol W. Greider
Jack W. Szostak

United States
United States
United States
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:03:48 AM
2010

Robert G. Edwards

Great Britain
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:04:28 AM
2011

Bruce A. Beutler
Jules A. Hoffmann
Ralph M. Steinman
 
United States
Luxembourg
Canada
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 08, 2012, 08:07:07 AM
2012
 Sir John B. Gurdon, Shinya Yamanaka
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:19:54 AM
The Nobel Prize Awarded women
Economics: 2009 Elinor Ostrom         1

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:22:56 AM
Physics: 1903 Marie Sklodowska Curie          2

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:24:16 AM
Physics:                       
1963 Maria Goeppert Mayer        3
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:26:01 AM
Chemistry: 1911 Marie Sklodowska Curie             4
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:27:25 AM
1935 Irene Joliot-Curie , chemistry              5
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:28:54 AM
1964 Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin , chemistry        6
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:29:46 AM
2009 Ada E. Yonath , chemistry         7
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:33:08 AM
Physiology & Medicine:    1947 Gerty Radnitz Cori      8
                       
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:34:05 AM
1977 Rosalyn Sussman Yalow ,  Med.        9
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:34:45 AM
1983 Barbara McClintock ,  Med.       10
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:35:23 AM
1986 Rita Levi-Montalcini , Med.            11
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:36:02 AM
1988 Gertrude Elion ,     Med.             12
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:37:05 AM
1995 Christiane Nusslein-Volhard , Med.        13
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:37:47 AM
2004 Linda B. Buck ,  Med.       14
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:38:23 AM
2008 Francoise Barre-Sinoussi ,  Med.       15
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:39:10 AM
2009 Elizabeth H. Blackburn , Med.   16
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:39:48 AM
2009 Carol W. Greider ,  Med.     17
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:41:42 AM
            1905 Baroness Bertha von Suttner
(Peace)                                                 18
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:42:29 AM
1931 Jane Addams ,   peace             19
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:43:09 AM
1946 Emily Greene Balch , peace        20
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:43:47 AM
1976 Betty Williams ,   peace        21
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:44:23 AM
1976 Mairead Corrigan , peace       22
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:45:11 AM
1979 Mother Teresa , peace      23
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:45:44 AM
1982 Alva Myrdal ,  peace    24
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:46:27 AM
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi , peace    25
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:47:07 AM
1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum ,peace    26
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:47:42 AM
1997 Jody Williams , peace        27
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:48:18 AM
2003 Shirin Ebadi , peace       28
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:48:57 AM
2004 Wangari Maathai , peace         29
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:49:34 AM
2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf , peace          30
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:50:16 AM
2011 Leymah Gbowee ,  peace           31
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:50:52 AM
2011 Tawakkul Karman , peace              32
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:53:10 AM
Literature: 1909 Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlof            33
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:53:56 AM
1926 Grazia Deledda , Lit.             34
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:54:32 AM
1928 Sigrid Undset ,  Lit.           35
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:55:25 AM
1938 Pearl Buck , Lit.             36
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:56:05 AM
1945 Gabriela Mistral ,Lit.         37
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:56:46 AM
1966 Nelly Sachs , Lit.             38
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:57:24 AM
1991 Nadine Gordimer , Lit.            39
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:58:01 AM
1993 Toni Morrison ,Lit                   40
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:58:37 AM
1996 Wislawa Szymborska ,Lit              41
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:59:16 AM
2004 Elfriede Jelinek , Lit.            42
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 10:59:51 AM
2007 Doris Lessing , Lit.              43
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 09, 2012, 11:00:25 AM
2009 Herta M ller , Lit.                44
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:04:27 PM
Question: What Is the Nobel Prize Medal Made Of?

The Nobel Prize medal looks like gold, but what is it really made of? Here's the answer to this common question about the composition of the Nobel Prize medal.

Answer: Before 1980 the Nobel Prize medal was made from 23 carat gold. Newer Nobel Prize medals are 18 carat green gold plated with 24 carat gold.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:07:25 PM

Who Chooses the Nobel Peace Prize Winners?
 The Nobel Peace Prize winner is chosen by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, which is make up of five fiercely-independent members. Since 1936, government officials have been prohibited from sitting on the committee to avoid any hints that the Committee may be influenced by the current political climate in Norway
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:10:16 PM
How Do You Get Nominated to Be a Nobel Peace Prize Winner?
 You can't nominate yourself or others for the prize, and you can't campaign to be chosen the winner. In fact, you won't even know if you've been nominated " according to an article in The Associated Press, Common Misconceptions about the Nobel Peace Prize, records of nominees can be kept sealed for up to 50 years.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:10:57 PM
According to the Nobel Peace Prize website, nominees are only accepted from a select few people, including members of national governments, members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and of the International Court of Justice at the Hague, former Nobel Peace Prize winners, and so on. Organizations can be nominated, as well as individuals.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:11:44 PM
How Are Nobel Peace Prize Winners Chosen?
 The goal of the Nobel Peace Prize is to award people who "have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."
 Oftentimes, the winners are people who have not completed their work toward peace, but who are at a critical juncture in their work and who need the support that winning the Nobel Peace Prize brings.
 
To pick the winners, the Norwegian Nobel Committee considers all nominees, and selects a "short list" of around five to 20 people for further review. Those candidates are then reviewed with advice from the Committee's permanent advisors and other experts.
 
The Committee attempts to reach a unanimous vote through discussions and debates. If a unanimous decision can't be reached by the deadline at the beginning of October, a majority vote will suffice to name the Nobel Peace Prize winner
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:12:26 PM
What Prize Does the Nobel Peace Prize Winner Receive?
 The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize receives a medal, the title of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, a personal diploma, and 10 million Swedish crowns (more than $1.4 million US dollars
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:18:44 PM
Question: How many U.S. presidents have won the Nobel Peace Prize?

Answer: The first Nobel Peace Prizes were handed out in 1901. Since then, 97 people and 20 organizations have received the honor, including three sitting U.S. presidents:          ( see in the next posts )
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:19:48 PM
Theodore Roosevelt: Roosevelt, who was in office from 1901-09, was awarded the prize in 1906 "for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case."  (us president)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:20:34 PM
Woodrow Wilson: Wilson, who was in office from 1913-21, was awarded the prize in 1919 for founding the League of Nations, the predecessor to the United Nations    (US PRESIDENT)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:21:31 PM
Barack Obama: Obama, who began his term in 2009, was awarded the prize just months later "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples." (US PRESIDENT)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 10, 2012, 12:22:35 PM
The prize has also gone to one former U.S. president:
 
 Jimmy Carter: Carter, who served one term from 1977-1981, was awarded the prize in 2002 "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development."
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 11, 2012, 03:30:03 PM
Australian Nobel prize winner

There are thirteen Australians ( Nobel Prize winner)      In the next posts you can see the names,birth,year etc.
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:14:46 AM
13.William Lawrence Bragg*, Physics, 1915
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:16:55 AM
12.Sir Howard Florey, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:20:53 AM

Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet
 
Born
 
              (1899-09-03)3       September 1899
 Traralgon, Victoria
 


Died
 
31 August 1985 (aged 85)
 Port Fairy, Victoria
 


Nationality
 
Australian
 


Fields
 
Virology
 


Known for
 
Acquired immune tolerance
 


Notable awards
 
1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:30:22 AM
11.Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Physiology or Medicine, 1960
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:31:54 AM
10.John Carew Eccles, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:32:39 AM
9.Aleksandr M. Prokhorov*, Physics, 1964
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:33:09 AM
8.Patrick White, born in the United Kingdom, Literature, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:33:35 AM
7.John Warcup Cornforth*, Chemistry, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:34:00 AM
6.John Harsanyi, Economics,1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:34:25 AM
5.Peter C. Doherty, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:34:52 AM
4.J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:35:20 AM
3.Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:35:54 AM
2.Elizabeth H. Blackburn*, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 12, 2012, 10:36:22 AM
1.Brian P. Schmidt, born in the United States, Physics, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:52:47 AM
Albania(country)
 1.Mother Theresa, born in Uskub, Ottoman Empire, now Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, Founder of the Missionaries of Charity
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:53:42 AM
Argentina
 1.C İsar Milstein, Physiology or medicine, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:54:33 AM
2.Adolfo P İrez Esquivel, Peace, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:55:08 AM
3.Luis Federico Leloir, born in France, Chemistry, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:55:38 AM
4.Bernardo Houssay, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:56:06 AM
5.Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:56:59 AM
Austria
 1.International Atomic Energy Agency, Peace, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:57:24 AM
2.Elfriede Jelinek, Literature, 2004
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:57:54 AM
3.Eric R. Kandel*, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:58:18 AM
4.Walter Kohn*, Chemistry, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:58:41 AM
5.Friedrich Hayek, Economics, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:59:06 AM
6.Konrad Lorenz, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 06:59:33 AM
7.Karl von Frisch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:00:02 AM
8.Max F. Perutz, Chemistry, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:00:26 AM
9.Wolfgang Pauli, Physics, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:00:52 AM
10.Richard Kuhn*, Chemistry, 1938
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:01:58 AM
11.Otto Loewi*, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:02:24 AM
12.Victor Francis Hess, Physics, 1936
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:03:00 AM
13.Erwin Schr dinger, Physics, 1933
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:03:25 AM
14.Karl Landsteiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1930
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:04:57 AM
15.Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Physiology or Medicine, 1927
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:05:32 AM
16.Friderik Pregl, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:06:06 AM
17.Alfred Hermann Fried, Peace, 1911
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:06:36 AM
18.Robert B r ny, Physiology or Medicine, 1914
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 07:07:07 AM
19.Bertha von Suttner, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic, Peace, 1905
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:38:43 AM
Azerbaijan
 1.Lev Landau, born in then Russian Empire, laureate when citizen of the Soviet Union, Physics, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:39:20 AM
Bangladesh
 1.Muhammad Yunus, Peace, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:39:50 AM
2.Grameen Bank, Peace, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:40:25 AM
Belarus
 1.Zhores Ivanovich Alferov*, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:40:59 AM
2.Shimon Peres*, born in then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:41:40 AM
3.Menachem Begin*, born in then Russian Empire, now Belarus, Peace, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:42:15 AM
4.Simon Kuznets*, born in then Russian Empire, now Belarus, Economics, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:42:56 AM
Belgium
 1.Ilya Prigogine, born in Russia, Chemistry, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:43:36 AM
2.Christian de Duve, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:44:02 AM
3.Albert Claude, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:44:33 AM
4.Georges Pire, Peace, 1958
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:45:03 AM
5.Corneille Heymans, Physiology or Medicine, 1938
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:45:29 AM
6.Jules Bordet, Physiology or Medicine, 1919
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:46:14 AM
7.Henri La Fontaine, Peace, 1913
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:46:46 AM
8.Maurice Maeterlinck, Literature, 1911
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:47:17 AM
9.Auguste Beernaert, Peace, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:47:43 AM
10.Institut de Droit International, Peace, 1904
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:48:15 AM
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 1.Vladimir Prelog*, born in then Austria"Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:48:46 AM
2.Ivo Andrić, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 14, 2012, 10:49:16 AM
Bulgaria
 1.Elias Canetti*, Literature, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 08:57:27 AM
Canada
 1.Ralph M. Steinman, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 08:57:59 AM
2.Willard S. Boyle*, Physics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 08:58:34 AM
3.Robert Mundell, Economics, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 08:59:00 AM
4.Myron Scholes*, Economics, 1997
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 08:59:26 AM
5.William Vickrey*, Economics, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 08:59:55 AM
6.Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Peace, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:00:20 AM
7.Bertram N. Brockhouse, Physics, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:00:48 AM
8.Michael Smith, born in the United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:01:16 AM
9.Rudolph A. Marcus*, Chemistry, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:01:42 AM
10.Richard E. Taylor, Physics, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:02:08 AM
11.Sidney Altman, Chemistry, 1989
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:02:34 AM
12.Henry Taube*, Chemistry, 1983
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:03:08 AM
13.David H. Hubel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:03:34 AM
14.Saul Bellow*, Literature, 1976
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:04:00 AM
15.Gerhard Herzberg, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:04:35 AM
16.Charles B. Huggins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:05:00 AM
17.Lester B. Pearson, Peace, 1957
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:05:31 AM
18.John C. Pol nyi, born in Germany(of Hungarian parents), Chemistry, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:05:58 AM
19.William Giauque*, Chemistry, 1949
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:06:27 AM
20.Frederick G. Banting, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:07:00 AM
21.Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:07:59 AM
Chile
 1.Pablo Neruda, Literature, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:08:32 AM
2.Gabriela Mistral, Literature, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:09:49 AM
China
 
 List of Chinese Nobel laureates
 1.Mo Yan, Literature, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:10:17 AM
2.Liu Xiaobo, Peace, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:10:41 AM
3.Charles K. Kao*, Physics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:11:07 AM
4.Gao Xingjian*, Literature, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:11:31 AM
5.Daniel C. Tsui*, Physics, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:11:53 AM
6.Tenzin Gyatso*, Peace, 1989
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:12:18 AM
7.Chen Ning Yang*, Physics, 1957
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:12:42 AM
8.Tsung-Dao Lee*, Physics, 1957
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:13:23 AM
Colombia
 1.Gabriel Garc ­a M rquez, Literature, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:13:49 AM
Costa Rica
 1."scar Arias S nchez, Peace, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:14:19 AM
Croatia
 1.Leopold Ru ička*, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939
 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:14:56 AM
Cyprus
 1.Christopher A. Pissarides, Economics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:17:03 AM
Czech Republic
 1.Jaroslav Seifert, Literature, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:18:08 AM
2.Jaroslav Heyrovsk , Chemistry, 1959
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:18:37 AM
3.Carl Ferdinand Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:19:07 AM
4.Gerty Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:19:34 AM
5.Bertha von Suttner*, born in then Austrian-Hungary, Peace, 1905
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:53:37 AM
Denmark
 1.Dale T. Mortensen, born in the United States, Economics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:54:08 AM
2.Jens Christian Skou, Chemistry, 1997
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:54:37 AM
3.Niels Kaj Jerne, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:55:03 AM
4.Aage Bohr, Physics, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:55:53 AM
5.Ben Roy Mottelson, Physics, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:56:23 AM
6.Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Literature, 1944
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:56:54 AM
7.Henrik Dam, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:57:24 AM
8.Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Physiology or Medicine, 1926
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:57:50 AM
9.Niels Bohr, Physics, 1922
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:58:18 AM
10.August Krogh, Physiology or Medicine, 1920
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 09:59:51 AM
11.Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Literature, 1917
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:00:32 AM
12.Henrik Pontoppidan, Literature, 1917
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:01:25 AM
13.Fredrik Bajer, Peace, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:01:52 AM
14.Niels Ryberg Finsen, born on Faroe Islands, Physiology or Medicine, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:02:27 AM
East Timor
 1.Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Peace, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:03:05 AM
2.Jos İ Ramos-Horta, Peace, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:03:36 AM
Egypt
 1.Mohamed El Baradei, Peace, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:04:06 AM
2.Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:04:41 AM
3.Naguib Mahfouz, Literature, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:05:05 AM
4.Anwar El Sadat, Peace, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:05:35 AM
Faroe Islands
 1.Niels Ryberg Finsen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:06:13 AM
Finland
 1.Martti Ahtisaari, Peace, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:06:43 AM
2.Ragnar Granit, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809"1917, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:07:09 AM
3.Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809"1917, Chemistry, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 15, 2012, 10:07:35 AM
4.Frans Eemil Sillanp ¤ ¤, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809"1917, Literature, 1939
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:36:05 AM
France
 1.Serge Haroche, born in the French Protectorate of Morocco, Physics, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:36:32 AM
2.Jules A. Hoffmann, born in Luxembourg, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:36:59 AM
3.J. M. G. Le Cl İzio, Literature, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:37:25 AM
4.Luc Montagnier, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:37:52 AM
5.Fran oise Barr İ-Sinoussi, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:38:17 AM
6.Albert Fert, Physics, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:38:42 AM
7.Yves Chauvin, Chemistry, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:39:09 AM
8.Gao Xingjian, born in China, Literature, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:39:41 AM
9.M İdecins Sans Fronti ¨res, Peace, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:40:06 AM
10.Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Physics, 1997
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:40:31 AM
11.Georges Charpak, Physics, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:40:57 AM
12.Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:41:23 AM
13.Maurice Allais, Economics, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:41:45 AM
14.Jean-Marie Lehn, Chemistry, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:42:09 AM
15.Claude Simon, Literature, 1985
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:42:34 AM
16.G İrard Debreu, Economics, 1983
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:42:59 AM
17.Jean Dausset, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:43:22 AM
18.Roger Guillemin*, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:43:47 AM
19.Se n MacBride*, Peace, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:44:11 AM
20.Louis N İel, Physics, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:44:34 AM
21.Luis Federico Leloir*, Chemistry, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:44:57 AM
22.Ren İ Cassin, Peace, 1968
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:45:20 AM
23.Alfred Kastler, Physics, 1966
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:45:47 AM
24.Fran ois Jacob, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:46:15 AM
25.Jacques Monod, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:46:48 AM
26.Andr İ Lwoff, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:47:13 AM
27.Jean-Paul Sartre, (declined the prize), Literature, 1964
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:47:44 AM
28.Saint-John Perse, Literature, 1960
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:48:13 AM
29.Albert Camus, Literature, 1957
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:48:38 AM
30.Andr İ Fr İd İric Cournand, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:49:03 AM
31.Fran ois Mauriac, Literature, 1952
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:49:26 AM
32.Albert Schweitzer, Peace, 1952
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:50:59 AM
33.L İon Jouhaux, Peace, 1951
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:51:23 AM
34.Andr İ Gide, Literature, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:51:47 AM
35.Roger Martin du Gard, Literature, 1937
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:52:15 AM
36.Fr İd İric Joliot, Chemistry, 1935
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:52:39 AM
37.Ir ¨ne Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:53:04 AM
38.Ivan Bunin, born in Russia, Literature, 1933
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:53:27 AM
39.Louis de Broglie, Physics, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:53:53 AM
40.Charles Nicolle, Physiology or Medicine, 1928
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:54:20 AM
41.Henri Bergson, Literature, 1927
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:54:45 AM
42.Ferdinand Buisson, Peace, 1927
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:55:16 AM
43.Aristide Briand, Peace, 1926
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:55:43 AM
44.Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Physics, 1926
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:56:15 AM
45.Anatole France, Literature, 1921
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:56:39 AM
46.L İon Bourgeois, Peace, 1920
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:57:03 AM
47.Romain Rolland, Literature, 1915
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:57:27 AM
48.Alfred Werner*, Chemistry, 1913
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:57:56 AM
49.Charles Richet, Physiology or Medicine, 1913
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:58:19 AM
50.Alexis Carrel, Medicine, 1912
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:58:43 AM
51.Paul Sabatier, Chemistry, 1912
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:59:09 AM
52.Victor Grignard, Chemistry, 1912
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 06:59:36 AM
53.Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Chemistry, 1911
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:00:03 AM
54.Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, Peace, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:00:27 AM
55.Gabriel Lippmann, born in Luxembourg, Physics, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:00:56 AM
56.Alphonse Laveran, Physiology or Medicine, 1907
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:01:19 AM
57.Louis Renault, Peace, 1907
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:01:41 AM
58.Henri Moissan, Chemistry, 1906
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:02:05 AM
59.Fr İd İric Mistral, Literature, 1904
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:02:38 AM
60.Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:03:04 AM
61.Pierre Curie, Physics, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:03:33 AM
62.Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Physics, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:04:02 AM
63.Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:04:25 AM
64.Fr İd İric Passy, Peace, 1901
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 16, 2012, 07:04:51 AM
65.Sully Prudhomme, Literature, 1901
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:03:21 AM
Germany
 1.Herta M ller, born in Romania, Literature, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:03:49 AM
2.Harald zur Hausen, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:04:17 AM
3.Gerhard Ertl, Chemistry, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:04:46 AM
4.Peter Gr nberg, born in then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic, Physics, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:05:15 AM
5.Theodor W. H ¤nsch, Physics, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:05:45 AM
6.Robert Aumann*, Economics, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:06:20 AM
7.Wolfgang Ketterle, Physics, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:06:51 AM
8.Herbert Kroemer, Physics, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:07:19 AM
9.G nter Blobel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:08:07 AM
10.G nter Grass, born in then Free City of Danzig, now Poland, Literature, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:08:32 AM
11.Horst L. St rmer, Physics, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:09:03 AM
12.Christiane N sslein-Volhard, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:09:32 AM
13.Reinhard Selten, Economics, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:10:07 AM
14.Bert Sakmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:10:40 AM
15.Erwin Neher, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:16:10 AM
16.Hans G. Dehmelt*, Physics, 1989
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:16:42 AM
17.Wolfgang Paul, Physics, 1989
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:18:25 AM
18.Johann Deisenhofer, Chemistry, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:18:52 AM
19.Robert Huber, Chemistry, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:19:17 AM
20.Hartmut Michel, Chemistry, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:19:44 AM
21.Jack Steinberger*, Physics, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:20:08 AM
22.J. Georg Bednorz, Physics, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:20:35 AM
23.Ernst Ruska, Physics, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:21:13 AM
24.Gerd Binnig, Physics, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:21:40 AM
25.Klaus von Klitzing, Physics, 1985
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:22:09 AM
26.Georges J.F. K hler*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:22:37 AM
27.Georg Wittig, Chemistry, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:23:02 AM
28.Arno Penzias*, Physics, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:23:29 AM
29.Henry Kissinger*, Peace, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:23:59 AM
30.Ernst Otto Fischer, Chemistry, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:24:32 AM
31.Karl Ritter von Frisch, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:24:59 AM
32.Heinrich B ll, Literature, 1972
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:25:25 AM
33.Gerhard Herzberg*, Chemistry, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:26:00 AM
34.Willy Brandt, Peace, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:26:37 AM
35.Bernard Katz*, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:27:03 AM
36.Max Delbr ck*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:27:37 AM
37.Manfred Eigen, Chemistry, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:35:06 AM
38.Hans Albrecht Bethe*, Physics, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:35:44 AM
39.Nelly Sachs*, Literature, 1966
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:36:19 AM
40.Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:36:42 AM
41.Konrad Bloch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:37:05 AM
42.Karl Ziegler, Chemistry, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:37:31 AM
43.Maria Goeppert-Mayer*, Physics, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:37:54 AM
44.J. Hans D. Jensen, Physics, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:38:22 AM
45.Rudolf M ssbauer, Physics, 1961
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:38:51 AM
46.Werner Forssmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:39:16 AM
47.Max Born*, Physics, 1954
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:39:41 AM
48.Walther Bothe, Physics, 1954
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:40:06 AM
49.Hermann Staudinger, Chemistry, 1953
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:40:38 AM
50.Fritz Albert Lipmann*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:42:04 AM
51.Hans Adolf Krebs*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:42:29 AM
52.Albert Schweitzer*, Peace, 1952
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 10:42:56 AM
53.Otto Diels, Chemistry, 1950
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:17:44 AM
54.Kurt Alder, Chemistry, 1950
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:18:15 AM
55.Herman Hesse*, Literature, 1946
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:18:46 AM
56.Ernst Boris Chain*, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:19:12 AM
57.Otto Hahn, Chemistry, 1944
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:19:39 AM
58.Otto Stern*, Physics, 1943
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:20:09 AM
59.Adolf Butenandt, Chemistry, 1939
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:20:35 AM
60.Gerhard Domagk, Physiology or Medicine, 1939
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:21:02 AM
61.Richard Kuhn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1938
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:21:27 AM
62.Carl von Ossietzky, Peace, 1935
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:21:59 AM
63.Hans Spemann, Physiology or Medicine, 1935
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:22:25 AM
64.Werner Karl Heisenberg, Physics, 1932
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:22:54 AM
65.Otto Heinrich Warburg, Physiology or Medicine, 1931
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:23:21 AM
66.Carl Bosch, Chemistry, 1931
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:24:16 AM
67.Friedrich Bergius, Chemistry, 1931
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:24:45 AM
68.Hans Fischer, Chemistry, 1930
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:25:15 AM
69.Thomas Mann, Literature, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:26:23 AM
70.Hans von Euler-Chelpin*, Chemistry, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:26:52 AM
71.Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Chemistry, 1928
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:27:21 AM
72.Ludwig Quidde, Peace, 1927
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:27:51 AM
73.Heinrich Otto Wieland, Chemistry, 1927
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:28:14 AM
74.Gustav Stresemann, Peace, 1926
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:28:40 AM
75.James Franck, Physics, 1925
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:29:05 AM
76.Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Physics, 1925
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:29:39 AM
77.Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Physiology or Medicine, 1922
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:30:01 AM
78.Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:30:26 AM
79.Walther Nernst, Chemistry, 1920
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:30:54 AM
80.Johannes Stark, Physics, 1919
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:31:19 AM
81.Fritz Haber, Chemistry, 1918
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:31:45 AM
82.Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, Physics, 1918
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:32:09 AM
83.Richard Willst ¤tter, Chemistry, 1915
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:32:34 AM
84.Max von Laue, Physics, 1914
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:33:02 AM
85.Gerhart Hauptmann, born in then Prussia, now Poland, Literature, 1912
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:33:30 AM
86.Wilhelm Wien, Physics, 1911
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:34:02 AM
87.Otto Wallach, Chemistry, 1910
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:34:37 AM
88.Albrecht Kossel, Physiology or Medicine, 1910
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:35:04 AM
89.Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse, Literature, 1910
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:35:28 AM
90.Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:35:54 AM
91.Wilhelm Ostwald, born in then Russia, now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:36:19 AM
92.Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Literature, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:36:48 AM
93.Paul Ehrlich, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:37:18 AM
94.Eduard Buchner, Chemistry, 1907
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:37:47 AM
95.Albert Abraham Michelson*, born in then Prussia, now Poland, Physics, 1907
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:38:12 AM
96.Robert Koch, Physiology or Medicine, 1905
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:38:40 AM
97.Philipp Lenard, born in then Austrian Empire, now Slovakia, Physics, 1905
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:39:09 AM
98.Adolf von Baeyer, Chemistry, 1905
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:39:34 AM
99.Hermann Emil Fischer, Chemistry, 1902
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:40:03 AM
100.Theodor Mommsen, born in then Denmark, Literature, 1902
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:40:29 AM
101.Emil Adolf von Behring, Physiology or Medicine, 1901
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 17, 2012, 11:40:55 AM
102.Wilhelm Conrad R ntgen, Physics, 1901
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:23:30 AM
Ghana
 1.Kofi Annan, Peace, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:24:00 AM
Greece
 1.Odysseas Elytis, Literature, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:24:27 AM
2.Giorgos Seferis, Literature, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:24:53 AM
Guatemala
 1.Rigoberta Mench ş, Peace, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:25:18 AM
2.Miguel  ngel Asturias, Literature, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:26:09 AM
Hong Kong
 
See also: List of Ethnic Chinese Nobel laureates
 1.Charles K. Kao, Physics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:27:22 AM
Hungary
 1.Avram Hershko* (Hersk  Ferenc), Chemistry, 2004
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:27:45 AM
2.Imre Kert İsz, Literature, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:28:14 AM
3.George Andrew Olah* (Gy rgy Ol h), Chemistry, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:28:36 AM
4.John Harsanyi*, (Hars nyi J nos), Economics, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:29:01 AM
5.Dennis Gabor* (D İnes G bor), Physics, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:29:27 AM
6.Eugene Wigner* (Jenő Wigner), Physics, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:29:59 AM
7.Georg von B İk İsy* (Gy rgy B İk İsy), Physiology or Medicine, 1961
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:30:53 AM
8.George de Hevesy (Gy rgy Hevesy), Chemistry, 1943
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:31:24 AM
9.Albert Szent-Gy rgyi, Physiology or Medicine, 1937
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:31:52 AM
10.Richard Adolf Zsigmondy*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Chemistry, 1925
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:32:18 AM
11.Philipp Lenard (F l p L İn rd)*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physics, 1905
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:32:46 AM
12.Robert B r ny*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Medicine, 1914
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:33:11 AM
Iceland
 1.Halld r Laxness, Literature, 1955
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:34:25 AM
Iran
 1.Shirin Ebadi, Peace, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:34:52 AM
Ireland
 1.John Hume*, Peace, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:35:18 AM
2.S İamus Heaney*, Literature, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:35:44 AM
3.Se n MacBride, Peace, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:36:12 AM
4.Samuel Beckett, Literature, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:36:38 AM
5.Ernest Walton, Physics, 1951
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:37:04 AM
6.George Bernard Shaw*, Literature, 1925
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:37:32 AM
7.William Butler Yeats, Literature, 1923
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:39:15 AM
Israel
 
See also: List of Jewish Nobel laureates
 1.Dan Shechtman, born in the British Mandate of Palestine, Chemistry, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:39:43 AM
2.Ada E. Yonath, born in the British Mandate of Palestine, Chemistry, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:40:10 AM
3.Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:40:40 AM
4.Aaron Ciechanover, born in the British Mandate of Palestine, Chemistry, 2004
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:41:08 AM
5.Avram Hershko, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 2004
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:41:35 AM
6.Daniel Kahneman, born in the British Mandate of Palestine, Economics, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:42:01 AM
6.Daniel Kahneman, born in the British Mandate of Palestine, Economics, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:42:43 AM
7.Yitzhak Rabin, born in the British Mandate of Palestine, Peace, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:43:12 AM
8.Shimon Peres, born in what was then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:43:36 AM
9.Menachem Begin, born in what was then Russia, now Belarus, Peace, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:44:01 AM
10.Shmuel Yosef Agnon, born in what was then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:44:30 AM
Italy
 1.Mario Capecchi*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:44:53 AM
2.Riccardo Giacconi*, Physics, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:45:15 AM
3.Dario Fo, Literature, 1997
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:45:39 AM
4.Rita Levi-Montalcini, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:46:00 AM
5.Franco Modigliani, Economics, 1985
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:46:24 AM
6.Carlo Rubbia, Physics, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:46:48 AM
7.Renato Dulbecco*, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:47:10 AM
8.Eugenio Montale, Literature, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:47:36 AM
9.Salvador Luria*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:47:57 AM
10.Giulio Natta, Chemistry, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:48:19 AM
11.Salvatore Quasimodo, Literature, 1959
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:48:43 AM
12.Emilio G. Segr ¨, Physics, 1959
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:49:09 AM
13.Daniel Bovet, born in Switzerland, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:49:33 AM
14.Enrico Fermi, Physics, 1938
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:49:58 AM
15.Luigi Pirandello, Literature, 1934
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:50:22 AM
16.Grazia Deledda, Literature, 1926
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:50:47 AM
17.Guglielmo Marconi, Physics, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:51:11 AM
18.Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Peace, 1907
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:51:35 AM
19.Giosu ¨ Carducci, Literature, 1906
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:52:00 AM
20.Camillo Golgi, Physiology or Medicine, 1906
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:59:19 AM
Japan
 
Main article: List of Japanese Nobel laureates
 1.Shinya Yamanaka, Physiology or Medicine, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 09:59:42 AM
2.Ei-ichi Negishi*, Chemistry, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:00:13 AM
3.Akira Suzuki, Chemistry, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:00:34 AM
4.Osamu Shimomura*, Chemistry, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:00:57 AM
5.Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:01:20 AM
6.Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:01:45 AM
7.Yoichiro Nambu*, Physics, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:02:09 AM
8.Masatoshi Koshiba, Physics, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:02:34 AM
9.Koichi Tanaka, Chemistry, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:02:59 AM
10.Ryōji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:03:24 AM
11.Hideki Shirakawa, Chemistry, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:03:47 AM
12.Kenzaburō Ōe, Literature, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:04:13 AM
13.Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:04:38 AM
14.Charles J. Pedersen*, Chemistry, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:05:10 AM
15.Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:05:34 AM
16.Eisaku Satō, Peace, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:06:01 AM
17.Leo Esaki, Physics, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:06:27 AM
18.Yasunari Kawabata, Literature, 1968
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:06:48 AM
19.Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:07:13 AM
20.Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:07:38 AM
Kenya
 1.Wangari Maathai, Peace, 2004
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:08:01 AM
Korea, South
 1.Kim Dae-jung, Peace, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:08:28 AM
Latvia
 1.Wilhelm Ostwald*, born in then Russian Empire, Chemistry, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:08:59 AM
Liberia
 1.Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Peace, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:09:23 AM
2.Leymah Gbowee, Peace, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:09:53 AM
Lithuania
 1.Aaron Klug*, Chemistry, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:10:17 AM
2.Czesław Miłosz*, born in then Russian Empire, now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:10:41 AM
Luxembourg
 1.Jules A. Hoffmann*, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:11:04 AM
2.Gabriel Lippmann*, Physics, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:11:36 AM
Mexico
 1.Mario J. Molina*, Chemistry, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:12:07 AM
2.Octavio Paz, Literature, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:12:35 AM
3.Alfonso Garc ­a Robles, Peace, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 18, 2012, 10:12:57 AM
Myanmar (Burma)
 1.Aung San Suu Kyi, Peace, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:18:56 AM
Netherlands
 1.Andre Geim, born in Russia, Physics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:20:30 AM
2.Martinus J. G. Veltman, Physics, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:20:53 AM
3.Gerardus 't Hooft, Physics, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:21:16 AM
4.Paul J. Crutzen, Chemistry, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:22:28 AM
5.Simon van der Meer, Physics, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:23:09 AM
6.Nicolaas Bloembergen*, Physics, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:23:41 AM
7.Tjalling Koopmans, Economics, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:24:07 AM
8.Nikolaas Tinbergen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:24:32 AM
9.Jan Tinbergen, Economics, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:24:53 AM
10.Frits Zernike, Physics, 1953
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:25:18 AM
11.Peter Debye, Chemistry, 1936
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:25:47 AM
12.Christiaan Eijkman, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:26:22 AM
13.Willem Einthoven, Physiology or Medicine, 1924
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:26:54 AM
14.Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Physics, 1913
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:27:21 AM
15.Tobias Asser, Peace, 1911
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:27:44 AM
16.Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Physics, 1910
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:28:07 AM
17.Pieter Zeeman, Physics, 1902
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:28:31 AM
18.Hendrik Lorentz, Physics, 1902
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:28:56 AM
19.Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Chemistry, 1901
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:29:22 AM
New Zealand
 1.Alan MacDiarmid*, Chemistry, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:29:45 AM
2.Maurice Wilkins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:30:10 AM
3.Ernest Rutherford*, Chemistry, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:30:34 AM
Nigeria
 1.Wole Soyinka, Literature, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:31:19 AM
Norway
 1.Finn E. Kydland, Economics, 2004
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:31:49 AM
2.Trygve Haavelmo, Economics, 1989
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:32:13 AM
3.Charles J. Pedersen, born in then Japan, now South Korea, Chemistry, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:32:38 AM
4.Ivar Giaever, Physics, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:33:00 AM
5.Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Economics, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:33:25 AM
6.Odd Hassel, Chemistry, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:33:48 AM
7.Lars Onsager, Chemistry, 1968
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:34:12 AM
8.Sigrid Undset, Literature, 1928
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:34:36 AM
9.Fridtjof Nansen, Peace, 1922
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:35:01 AM
10.Christian Lous Lange, Peace, 1921
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:35:25 AM
11.Knut Hamsun, Literature, 1920
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:35:47 AM
12.Bj ¸rnstjerne Bj ¸rnson, Literature, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:36:23 AM
Pakistan
 1.Abdus Salam*, Physics, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:36:48 AM
Palestine
 1.Yassir Arafat, Born in Cairo, Egypt, Peace, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:37:14 AM
Peru
 1.Mario Vargas Llosa*, Literature, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:37:51 AM
Poland
 1.Leonid Hurwicz, born in then Russian Republic, Economics, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:38:14 AM
2.Wisława Szymborska, Literature, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:38:52 AM
3.Joseph Rotblat*, born in then Russian Empire, Peace, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:39:31 AM
4.Shimon Peres*, born Szymon Perski in Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus), Peace, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:40:03 AM
5.Georges Charpak*, born in now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:40:29 AM
6.Lech Wałęsa, Peace, 1983
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:40:59 AM
7.Roald Hoffmann*, born in now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:41:32 AM
8.Czesław Miłosz*, born in then Russian Empire, now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:42:08 AM
9.Isaac Bashevis Singer*, born in then Russian Empire, Literature, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:42:37 AM
10.Andrew Schally*, born in Wilno, Second Polish Republic (now Vilnius, Lithuania), Medicine, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:43:06 AM
11.Tadeus Reichstein*, born in then Russian Empire, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:43:39 AM
12.Władysław Reymont, born in then Russian Empire, Literature, 1924
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:46:49 AM
13.Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born in then Russian Empire, Chemistry, 1911
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:47:20 AM
14.Henryk Sienkiewicz, born in then Russian Empire, Literature, 1905
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:47:46 AM
15.Maria Skłodowska-Curie, born in then Russian Empire, Physics, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:50:40 AM
Portugal
 1.Jos İ de Sousa Saramago, Literature, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:51:04 AM
2.Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo*, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:51:30 AM
3.Jos İ Ramos-Horta*, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:51:54 AM
4.Ant nio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, Physiology or Medicine, 1949
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:52:16 AM
Romania
 1.Herta M ller*, Literature, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:52:40 AM
2.Elie Wiesel*, Peace, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 07:53:03 AM
3.George E. Palade*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:46:34 AM
Russia
 1.Andre Geim*, Physics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:47:06 AM
2.Konstantin Novoselov*, Physics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:47:43 AM
3.Leonid Hurwicz*, Economics, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:48:20 AM
4.Alexei A. Abrikosov*, Physics, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:48:45 AM
5.Vitaly Ginzburg, Physics, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:49:15 AM
6.Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:49:52 AM
7.Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, Peace, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:50:21 AM
8.Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky*, Literature, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:50:52 AM
9.Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Physics, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:51:23 AM
10.Menachem Begin*, born in now Belarus, Peace, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:52:18 AM
11.Ilya Prigogine*, Chemistry, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:52:54 AM
12.Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov, Peace, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:53:27 AM
13.Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich, Economics, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:53:59 AM
14.Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Literature, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:54:24 AM
15.Michail Sholokhov, Literature, 1965
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:54:52 AM
16.Nicolay G. Basov, Physics, 1964
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:55:24 AM
17.Aleksandr M. Prokhorov, born in Australia, Physics, 1964
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:55:50 AM
18.Lev Landau, born in now Azerbaijan, Physics, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:56:20 AM
19.Boris Pasternak, Literature, 1958 (forced to decline)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:56:56 AM
20.Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Physics, 1958
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:57:27 AM
21.Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm, Physics, 1958
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:57:57 AM
22.Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Physics, 1958
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:58:29 AM
23.Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Chemistry, 1956
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:59:01 AM
24.Ivan Bunin*, Literature, 1933
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 11:59:37 AM
25.Wilhelm Ostwald*, born in now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 12:00:10 PM
26.Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, born in now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 12:00:43 PM
27.Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Physiology or Medicine, 1904
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 12:01:27 PM
Serbia
 1.Ivo Andrić, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:21:59 PM
Saint Lucia
 1.Derek Walcott, Literature, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:22:43 PM
2.Sir Arthur Lewis*, Economics, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:23:20 PM
Slovenia
 1.Friderik Pregl*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Chemistry, 1923
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:23:49 PM
South Africa
 1.J. M. Coetzee, Literature, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:24:15 PM
2.Sydney Brenner*, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:55:45 PM
3.F.W. de Klerk, Peace, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:56:19 PM
4.Nelson Mandela, Peace, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:56:45 PM
5.Nadine Gordimer, Literature, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:57:13 PM
6.Desmond Tutu, Peace, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:57:39 PM
7.Allan M. Cormack*, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:58:05 PM
8.Albert Lutuli, Peace, 1960
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:58:33 PM
9.Max Theiler, Physiology or Medicine, 1951
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:59:04 PM
Spain
 1.Mario Vargas Llosa, born in Peru, Literature, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:59:30 PM
2.Camilo Jos İ Cela, Literature, 1989
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 01:59:59 PM
3.Vicente Aleixandre, Literature, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:00:25 PM
4.Severo Ochoa*, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:00:51 PM
5.Juan Ram n Jim İnez, Literature, 1956
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:01:15 PM
6.Jacinto Benavente, Literature, 1922
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:01:39 PM
7.Santiago Ram n y Cajal, Physiology or Medicine, 1906
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:02:18 PM
8.Jos İ Echegaray, Literature, 1904
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:48:09 PM
Sweden
 1.Tomas Transtr mer, Literature, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:48:48 PM
2.Arvid Carlsson, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:49:12 PM
3.Alva Myrdal, Peace, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:49:33 PM
4.Sune Bergstr m, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:50:00 PM
5.Bengt I. Samuelsson, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:50:24 PM
6.Kai Siegbahn, Physics, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:50:48 PM
7.Torsten Wiesel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:51:11 PM
8.Bertil Ohlin, Economics, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:51:34 PM
9.Eyvind Johnson, Literature, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:51:57 PM
10.Harry Martinson, Literature, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:52:54 PM
11.Gunnar Myrdal, Economics, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:54:56 PM
12.Ulf von Euler, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:55:21 PM
13.Hannes Alfv İn, Physics, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:55:49 PM
14.Ragnar Granit, born in then Russian Empire, now Finland, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:56:25 PM
15.Nelly Sachs, born in Germany, Literature, 1966
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:56:50 PM
16.Dag Hammarskj ld, Peace, 1961 (posthumously)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:57:15 PM
17.P ¤r Lagerkvist, Literature, 1951
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:57:38 PM
18.Arne Tiselius, Chemistry, 1948
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:58:02 PM
19.Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Literature, 1931
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:58:26 PM
20.Nathan S derblom, Peace, 1930
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:58:54 PM
21.Hans von Euler-Chelpin, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:59:17 PM
22.Theodor Svedberg, Chemistry, 1926
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 02:59:42 PM
23.Karl Manne Siegbahn, Physics, 1924
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 03:00:09 PM
24.Hjalmar Branting, Peace, 1921
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 03:00:30 PM
25.Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam, Literature, 1916
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 03:00:59 PM
26.Gustaf Dal İn, Physics, 1912
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 03:01:24 PM
27.Allvar Gullstrand, Physiology or Medicine, 1911
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 03:01:50 PM
28.Selma Lagerl f, Literature, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 03:02:15 PM
29.Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Peace, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 19, 2012, 03:02:39 PM
30.Svante Arrhenius, Chemistry, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:42:20 AM
Switzerland
 1.Kurt W thrich, Chemistry, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:42:46 AM
2.M İdecins Sans Fronti ¨res, Peace, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:43:11 AM
3.Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:43:36 AM
4.Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:44:01 AM
5.Richard R. Ernst, Chemistry, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:44:27 AM
6.Karl Alexander M ller, Physics, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:44:52 AM
7.Heinrich Rohrer, Physics, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:45:17 AM
8.Georges J. F. K hler, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:45:41 AM
9.Werner Arber, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:46:06 AM
10.Vladimir Prelog, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:46:30 AM
11.Daniel Bovet, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:46:55 AM
12.Felix Bloch, Physics, 1952
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:47:27 AM
13.Tadeus Reichstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:47:54 AM
14.Walter Rudolf Hess, Physiology or Medicine, 1949
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:48:20 AM
15.Paul Hermann M ller, Physiology or Medicine, 1948
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:48:46 AM
16.Hermann Hesse, born in Germany, Literature, 1946
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:49:11 AM
17.Leopold Ru ička, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:49:34 AM
18.Paul Karrer, Chemistry, 1937
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:49:57 AM
19.Albert Einstein, born in Germany, Physics, 1921
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:50:23 AM
20.Charles °douard Guillaume, Physics, 1920
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:50:47 AM
21.Carl Spitteler, Literature, 1919
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:51:09 AM
22.Alfred Werner, Chemistry, 1913
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:51:34 AM
23.Theodor Kocher, Physiology or Medicine, 1909
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:51:58 AM
24.°lie Ducommun, Peace, 1902
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:52:21 AM
25.Charles Albert Gobat, Peace, 1902
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:52:45 AM
26.Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:53:34 AM
Taiwan
 

 1.Yuan Tseh Lee, Chemistry, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:54:09 AM
Tibet
 1.14th Dalai Lama, Peace, 1989
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:54:36 AM
Trinidad and Tobago
 1.V. S. Naipaul*, Literature, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:55:02 AM
Turkey
 1.Orhan Pamuk, Literature, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:55:31 AM
2.Tawakkol Karman, Peace, 2011 , became a Turkish citizen in 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:56:03 AM
Ukraine
 1.Georges Charpak*, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:56:28 AM
2.Roald Hoffmann*, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:56:56 AM
3.Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov*, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:57:31 AM
United Kingdom
 1.John B. Gurdon, Physiology or Medicine, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:57:55 AM
2.Andre Geim, born in Russia, Physics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:58:23 AM
3.Konstantin Novoselov, born in Russia, Physics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:58:47 AM
4.Robert G. Edwards, Physiology or Medicine, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:59:11 AM
5.Doris Lessing, born in Iran, Literature, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 01:59:38 AM
6.Sir Martin J. Evans, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:00:04 AM
7.Oliver Smithies*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:01:44 AM
8.Harold Pinter, Literature, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:02:18 AM
9.Clive W. J. Granger*, Economics, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:02:42 AM
10.Anthony J. Leggett*, Physics, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:03:11 AM
11.Peter Mansfield, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:03:37 AM
12.Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:04:03 AM
13.John E. Sulston, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:04:28 AM
14.Tim Hunt, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:04:51 AM
15.Paul Nurse, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:05:17 AM
16.V.S. Naipaul, born in Trinidad, Literature, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:05:42 AM
17.David Trimble, Peace, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:06:16 AM
18.John Hume, born in Northern Ireland, UK, but uses Irish Passport, Peace, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:07:03 AM
19.John Pople, Chemistry, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:07:26 AM
20.John E. Walker, Chemistry, 1997
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:07:52 AM
21.Harold Kroto, Chemistry, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:08:13 AM
22.James A. Mirrlees, Economics, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:08:37 AM
23.Joseph Rotblat, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Peace, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:09:02 AM
24.Seamus Heaney, born in Northern Ireland, UK, but uses Irish Passport, Literature, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:09:26 AM
25.Richard J. Roberts, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:09:49 AM
26.Michael Smith*, Chemistry, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:10:13 AM
27.Ronald Coase,based in the United States Economics, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:10:37 AM
28.James W. Black, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:10:59 AM
29.Niels Kaj Jerne*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:11:23 AM
30.C İsar Milstein, born in Argentina, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:11:46 AM
31.Richard Stone, Economics, 1984
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:12:07 AM
32.William Golding, Literature, 1983
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:12:38 AM
33.Aaron Klug, born in Lithuania, Chemistry, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:13:04 AM
34.John Robert Vane, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:13:31 AM
35.Elias Canetti, born in Bulgaria, Literature, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:14:05 AM
36.Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:14:26 AM
37.Arthur Lewis, born on St. Lucia, Economics, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:14:49 AM
38.Godfrey Hounsfield, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:15:13 AM
39.Peter D. Mitchell, Chemistry, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:15:36 AM
40.James Meade, Economics, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:15:57 AM
41.Nevill Francis Mott, Physics, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:16:20 AM
42.Amnesty International, Peace, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:16:42 AM
43.Betty Williams, Peace, 1976
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:18:12 AM
44.Mair İad Corrigan, Peace, 1976
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:18:38 AM
45.John Cornforth, born in Australia, Chemistry, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:19:05 AM
46.Christian de Duve*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:19:35 AM
47.Friedrich Hayek, born in Austria, Economics, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:19:59 AM
48.Martin Ryle, Physics, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:20:22 AM
49.Antony Hewish, Physics, 1974
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:20:47 AM
50.Patrick White*, Literature, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:21:12 AM
51.Geoffrey Wilkinson, Chemistry, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:21:41 AM
52.Brian David Josephson, Physics, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:22:14 AM
53.Rodney Robert Porter, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:22:37 AM
54.John Hicks, Economics, 1972
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:23:01 AM
55.Dennis Gabor, born in Hungary, Physics, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:23:30 AM
56.Bernard Katz, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:23:56 AM
57.Derek Harold Richard Barton, Chemistry, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:24:22 AM
58.Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, Chemistry, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:24:48 AM
59.George Porter, Chemistry, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:25:11 AM
60.Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Chemistry, 1964
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:25:38 AM
61.Andrew Huxley, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:26:02 AM
62.Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:26:26 AM
63.John Kendrew, Chemistry, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:26:51 AM
64.Max Perutz, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:27:16 AM
65.Francis Crick, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:27:41 AM
66.Maurice Wilkins, born in New Zealand, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:28:07 AM
67.Peter Medawar, Physiology or Medicine, 1960
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:28:32 AM
68.Severo Ochoa*, born in Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:28:55 AM
69.Philip Noel-Baker, Peace, 1959
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:30:04 AM
70.Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1958
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:40:46 AM
71.Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Chemistry, 1957
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:41:14 AM
72.Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, Chemistry, 1956
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:41:39 AM
73.Max Born, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1954
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:42:01 AM
74.Winston Churchill, Literature, 1953
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:42:27 AM
75.Hans Adolf Krebs, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:42:51 AM
76.Archer John Porter Martin, Chemistry, 1952
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:43:17 AM
77.Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Chemistry, 1952
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:43:42 AM
78.John Cockcroft, Physics, 1951
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:44:05 AM
79.Bertrand Russell, Literature, 1950
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:44:29 AM
80.Cecil Frank Powell, Physics, 1950
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:44:56 AM
81.John Boyd Orr, Peace, 1949
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:45:23 AM
82.Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, Physics, 1948
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:45:47 AM
83.T. S. Eliot, born in the United States of America, Literature, 1948
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:46:12 AM
84.Edward Victor Appleton, Physics, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:46:36 AM
85.Robert Robinson, Chemistry, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:47:01 AM
86.Friends Service Council, Peace, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:47:32 AM
87.Ernst Boris Chain, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:48:02 AM
88.Alexander Fleming, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:48:25 AM
89.George Paget Thomson, Physics, 1937
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:48:51 AM
90.Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Peace, 1937
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:49:16 AM
91.Norman Haworth, Chemistry, 1937
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:49:54 AM
92.Henry Hallett Dale, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:50:16 AM
93.James Chadwick, Physics, 1935
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:50:38 AM
94.Arthur Henderson, Peace, 1934
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:51:01 AM
95.Norman Angell, Peace, 1933
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:51:24 AM
96.Paul Dirac, Physics, 1933
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:51:46 AM
97.Charles Scott Sherrington, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:52:08 AM
98.John Galsworthy, Literature, 1932
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:52:32 AM
99.Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:52:55 AM
100.Arthur Harden, Chemistry, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:53:21 AM
101.Frederick Hopkins, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:53:49 AM
102.Owen Willans Richardson, Physics, 1928
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:54:11 AM
103.Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Physics, 1927
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:54:33 AM
104.Austen Chamberlain, Peace, 1925
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:55:11 AM
105.George Bernard Shaw, born in Ireland, Literature, 1925
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:55:38 AM
106.John James Rickard Macleod*, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:56:25 AM
107.Francis William Aston, Chemistry, 1922
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:56:49 AM
108.Archibald Hill, Physiology or Medicine, 1922
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:57:11 AM
109.Frederick Soddy, Chemistry, 1921
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:57:33 AM
110.Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:57:54 AM
111.William Henry Bragg, Physics, 1915
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:58:18 AM
112.William Lawrence Bragg, born in Australia, Physics, 1915
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:58:39 AM
113.Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:59:01 AM
114.Rudyard Kipling, born in India, Literature, 1907
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:59:29 AM
115.J. J. Thomson, Physics, 1906
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 02:59:51 AM
116.John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Physics, 1904
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:00:15 AM
117.William Ramsay, Chemistry, 1904
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:00:36 AM
118.William Randal Cremer, Peace, 1903
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:50:02 AM
United States
 1.Alvin E. Roth, Economics, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:50:26 AM
2.Lloyd S. Shapley, Economics, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:50:48 AM
3.Brian K. Kobilka, Chemistry, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:51:14 AM
4.Robert J. Lefkowitz, Chemistry, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:51:39 AM
5.David J. Wineland, Physics, 2012
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:52:04 AM
6.Christopher A. Sims, Economics, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:52:32 AM
7.Thomas J. Sargent, Economics, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:53:28 AM
8.Saul Perlmutter, Physics, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:53:57 AM
9.Brian P. Schmidt, Physics, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:54:20 AM
10.Adam G. Riess, Physics, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:54:47 AM
11.Ralph M. Steinman, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:55:18 AM
12.Bruce Beutler, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:55:40 AM
13.Peter A. Diamond, Economics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:56:14 AM
14.Dale T. Mortensen, Economics, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:56:36 AM
15.Richard F. Heck, Chemistry, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:57:00 AM
16.Ei-ichi Negishi, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2010
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:57:22 AM
17.Elinor Ostrom, Economics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:57:42 AM
18.Oliver Eaton Williamson, Economics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:58:03 AM
19.Barack H. Obama, Peace, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:58:27 AM
20.Thomas A. Steitz, Chemistry, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:58:47 AM
21.Willard S. Boyle, born in Canada, Physics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:59:09 AM
22.Charles K. Kao, born in China, Physics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 03:59:30 AM
23.George E. Smith, Physics, 2009
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:01:17 AM
28.Roger Yonchien Tsien, Chemistry, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:01:38 AM
29.Martin Chalfie, Chemistry, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:02:00 AM
30.Osamu Shimomura, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:02:25 AM
31.Yoichiro Nambu, born in Japan, Physics, 2008
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:03:13 AM
32.Leonid Hurwicz, born in Russia, Economics, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:05:06 AM
34.Roger B. Myerson, Economics, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:05:34 AM
35.Al Gore, Peace, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:05:58 AM
36.Mario R. Capecchi, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:06:22 AM
37.Oliver Smithies, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:06:48 AM
38.Roger D. Kornberg, Chemistry, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:07:14 AM
39.John C. Mather, Physics, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:07:36 AM
40.Edmund S. Phelps, Economics, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:07:57 AM
41.George F. Smoot, Physics, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:08:18 AM
42.Andrew Z. Fire, Physiology or Medicine, 2006
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 04:09:54 AM
46.Richard R. Schrock, Chemistry, 2005
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:31:59 AM
61.Paul C. Lauterbur, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:32:29 AM
62.Alexei A. Abrikosov, born in Russia, Physics, 2003
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:33:10 AM
64.Vernon L. Smith, Economics, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:33:35 AM
65.Jimmy Carter, Peace, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:33:59 AM
66.John Bennett Fenn, Chemistry, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:34:32 AM
67.Raymond Davis Jr., Physics, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:34:58 AM
68.Riccardo Giacconi, born in Italy, Physics, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:35:24 AM
69.Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:35:48 AM
70.H. Robert Horvitz, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:36:13 AM
71.William S. Knowles, Chemistry, 2001
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:40:58 AM
82.Daniel L. McFadden, Economics, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:41:25 AM
83.Jack Kilby, Physics, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:41:53 AM
84.Paul Greengard, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:42:17 AM
85.Eric R. Kandel, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:42:42 AM
86.Ahmed H. Zewail, born in Egypt, Chemistry, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:43:08 AM
87.G nter Blobel, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:43:30 AM
88.Walter Kohn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:43:52 AM
89.Robert B. Laughlin, Physics, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:44:17 AM
90.Daniel C. Tsui, born in China, Physics, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 20, 2012, 10:44:40 AM
91.Robert F. Furchgott, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:05:43 AM
101.Richard E. Smalley, Chemistry, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:06:14 AM
102.Robert F. Curl Jr., Chemistry, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:06:37 AM
103.William Vickrey, born in Canada, Economics, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:07:01 AM
104.David M. Lee, Physics, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:07:25 AM
105.Douglas D. Osheroff, Physics, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:07:48 AM
106.Robert C. Richardson, Physics, 1996
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:08:12 AM
107.Mario J. Molina, born in Mexico, Chemistry, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:08:35 AM
108.F. Sherwood Rowland, Chemistry, 1995
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:13:06 AM
119.Martin Rodbell, Physiology or Medicine, 1994
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:13:35 AM
120.Kary B. Mullis, Chemistry, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:13:58 AM
121.Robert W. Fogel, Economics, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:14:25 AM
122.Douglass C. North, Economics, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:14:49 AM
123.Toni Morrison, Literature, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:15:12 AM
124.Russell A. Hulse, Physics, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:15:34 AM
125.Joseph H. Taylor Jr., Physics, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:15:58 AM
126.Phillip A. Sharp, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:16:24 AM
127.Rudolph A. Marcus, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:16:49 AM
128.Gary S. Becker, Economics, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:17:36 AM
130.Edwin G. Krebs, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:18:05 AM
131.Ronald Coase,born in the United Kingdom, Economics, 1991
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:18:28 AM
132.Elias James Corey, Chemistry, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:18:51 AM
133.Merton H. Miller, Economics, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:19:15 AM
134.William F. Sharpe, Economics, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:19:43 AM
135.Harry M. Markowitz, Economics, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:20:09 AM
136.Jerome I. Friedman, Physics, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:20:34 AM
137.Henry W. Kendall, Physics, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:20:57 AM
138.Joseph E. Murray, Physiology or Medicine, 1990
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:24:03 AM
146.Leon M. Lederman, Physics, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 01:25:44 AM
150.George H. Hitchings, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:18:28 AM
151.Charles J. Pedersen, born in Korea, Chemistry, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:18:52 AM
152.Donald J. Cram, Chemistry, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:19:14 AM
153.Robert M. Solow, Economics, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:19:42 AM
154.Joseph Brodsky, born in Russia, Literature, 1987
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:20:08 AM
155.Dudley R. Herschbach, Chemistry, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:20:43 AM
156.Yuan T. Lee, born in Taiwan, Chemistry, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:21:05 AM
157.James M. Buchanan, Economics, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:21:30 AM
158.Elie Wiesel, born in Romania, Peace, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:21:55 AM
159.Stanley Cohen, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:37:45 AM
170.Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, born in then British India, now Pakistan, Physics, 1983
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:38:08 AM
171.Barbara McClintock, Physiology or Medicine, 1983
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:38:31 AM
172.George J. Stigler, Economics, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:38:53 AM
173.Kenneth G. Wilson, Physics, 1982
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:39:17 AM
174.Roald Hoffmann, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:39:39 AM
175.James Tobin, Economics, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:40:04 AM
176.Nicolaas Bloembergen, born in the Netherlands, Physics, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:40:27 AM
177.Arthur L. Schawlow, Physics, 1981
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:42:20 AM
181.Paul Berg, Chemistry, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:44:18 AM
182.Lawrence R. Klein, Economics, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:46:49 AM
188.Herbert C. Brown, Chemistry, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:47:11 AM
189.Theodore Schultz, Economics, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:47:36 AM
190.Steven Weinberg, Physics, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:48:10 AM
191.Sheldon Glashow, Physics, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:48:47 AM
192.Allan M. Cormack, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:49:09 AM
193.Herbert A. Simon, Economics, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:49:35 AM
194.Isaac Bashevis Singer, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Literature, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:49:56 AM
195.Robert Woodrow Wilson, Physics, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:50:19 AM
196.Arno Penzias, born in Germany, Physics, 1978
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:53:25 AM
203.Rosalyn Yalow, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:54:59 AM
207.Burton Richter, Physics, 1976
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:55:21 AM
208.Samuel C. C. Ting, Physics, 1976
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:55:44 AM
209.Baruch S. Blumberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 21, 2012, 02:56:08 AM
210.Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:38:00 AM
211.Tjalling C. Koopmans, born in the Netherlands, Economics, 1975
 212.Ben R. Mottelson*, Physics, 1975
 213.James Rainwater, Physics, 1975
 214.David Baltimore, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
 215.Renato Dulbecco, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:38:45 AM
216.Howard Martin Temin, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
 217.Paul J. Flory, Chemistry, 1974
 218.George E. Palade, born in Romania, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
 219.Wassily Leontief, born in Germany, Economics, 1973
 220.Henry Kissinger, born in Germany, Peace, 1973
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:39:11 AM
221.Ivar Giaever, Norway, Physics, 1973
 222.Christian Anfinsen, Chemistry, 1972
 223.Stanford Moore, Chemistry, 1972
 224.William H. Stein, Chemistry, 1972
 225.Kenneth J. Arrow, Economics, 1972
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:39:45 AM
226.John Bardeen, Physics, 1972
 227.Leon N. Cooper, Physics, 1972
 228.Robert Schrieffer, Physics, 1972
 229.Gerald Edelman, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
 230.Simon Kuznets, born in then Russia, now Belarus, Economics, 1971
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:40:10 AM
231.Earl W. Sutherland Jr., Physiology or Medicine, 1971
 232.Paul A. Samuelson, Economics, 1970
 233.Norman Borlaug, Peace, 1970
 234.Julius Axelrod, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
 235.Murray Gell-Mann, Physics, 1969
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:40:37 AM
236.Max Delbr ck, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
 237.Alfred Hershey, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
 238.Salvador Luria, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
 239.Lars Onsager, born in Norway, Chemistry, 1968
 240.Luis Alvarez, Physics, 1968
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:41:05 AM
241.Robert W. Holley, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
 242.Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
 243.Hans Bethe, born in then Germany, now France, Physics, 1967
 244.Haldan Keffer Hartline, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
 245.George Wald, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:41:34 AM
246.Robert S. Mulliken, Chemistry, 1966
 247.Charles B. Huggins, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
 248.Francis Peyton Rous, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
 249.Robert B. Woodward, Chemistry, 1965
 250.Richard P. Feynman, Physics, 1965
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:42:02 AM
251.Julian Schwinger, Physics, 1965
 252.Martin Luther King, Jr., Peace, 1964
 253.Charles H. Townes, Physics, 1964
 254.Konrad Bloch, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
 255.Maria Goeppert-Mayer, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1963
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:42:26 AM
256.Eugene Wigner, born in Hungary, Physics, 1963
 257.John Steinbeck, Literature, 1962
 258.Linus C. Pauling, Peace, 1962
 259.James D. Watson, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
 260.Melvin Calvin, Chemistry, 1961
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:42:53 AM
261.Robert Hofstadter, Physics, 1961
 262.Georg von B İk İsy, born in Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1961
 263.Willard F. Libby, Chemistry, 1960
 264.Donald A. Glaser, Physics, 1960
 265.Owen Chamberlain, Physics, 1959
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:43:24 AM
266.Emilio Segr ¨, born in Italy, Physics, 1959
 267.Arthur Kornberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
 268.Severo Ochoa, born in Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
 269.George Beadle, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
 270.Joshua Lederberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:43:49 AM
271.Edward Tatum, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
 272.Chen Ning Yang, born in China, Physics, 1957
 273.Tsung-Dao Lee, born in China, Physics, 1957
 274.William B. Shockley, Physics, 1956
 275.John Bardeen, Physics, 1956
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:44:15 AM
276.Walter H. Brattain, Physics, 1956
 277.Dickinson W. Richards, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
 278.Andr İ F. Cournand, France, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
 279.Vincent du Vigneaud, Chemistry, 1955
 280.Willis E. Lamb, Physics, 1955
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:44:42 AM
281.Polykarp Kusch, born in Germany, Physics, 1955
 282.Linus C. Pauling, Chemistry, 1954
 283.Ernest Hemingway, Literature, 1954
 284.John F. Enders, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
 285.Frederick C. Robbins, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:45:15 AM
286.Thomas H. Weller, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
 287.George C. Marshall, Peace, 1953
 288.Fritz Lipmann, born in then Germany, now Russia, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
 289.E. M. Purcell, Physics, 1952
 290.Felix Bloch, born in Switzerland, Physics, 1952
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:45:40 AM
291.Selman A. Waksman, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952
 292.Edwin M. McMillan, Chemistry, 1951
 293.Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Chemistry, 1951
 294.Ralph J. Bunche, Peace, 1950
 295.Philip S. Hench, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:46:08 AM
296.Edward C. Kendall, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
 297.William Giauque, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1949
 298.William Faulkner, Literature, 1949
 299.T. S. Eliot*, Literature, 1948
 300.American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers), Peace, 1947
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:46:40 AM
301.Carl Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
 302.Gerty Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
 303.Wendell M. Stanley, Chemistry, 1946
 304.James B. Sumner, Chemistry, 1946
 305.John H. Northrop, Chemistry, 1946
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:47:03 AM
306.Emily G. Balch, Peace, 1946
 307.John R. Mott, Peace, 1946
 308.Percy W. Bridgman, Physics, 1946
 309.Hermann J. Muller, Physiology or Medicine, 1946
 310.Cordell Hull, Peace, 1945
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:47:28 AM
311.Isidor Isaac Rabi, born in Austria, Physics, 1944
 312.Joseph Erlanger, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
 313.Herbert S. Gasser, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
 314.Otto Stern, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1943
 315.Edward A. Doisy, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:47:53 AM
316.Ernest Lawrence, Physics, 1939
 317.Pearl S. Buck, Literature, 1938
 318.Clinton Davisson, Physics, 1937
 319.Eugene O'Neill, Literature, 1936
 320.Carl Anderson, Physics, 1936
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:48:24 AM
321.Harold C. Urey, Chemistry, 1934
 322.George R. Minot, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
 323.William P. Murphy, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
 324.George H. Whipple, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
 325.Thomas H. Morgan, Physiology or Medicine, 1933
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:48:50 AM
326.Irving Langmuir, Chemistry, 1932
 327.Jane Addams, Peace, 1931
 328.Nicholas M. Butler, Peace, 1931
 329.Sinclair Lewis, Literature, 1930
 330.Frank B. Kellogg, Peace, 1929
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:49:14 AM
331.Arthur H. Compton, Physics, 1927
 332.Charles G. Dawes, Peace, 1925
 333.Robert A. Millikan, Physics, 1923
 334.Woodrow Wilson, Peace, 1919
 335.Theodore W. Richards, Chemistry, 1914
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:49:40 AM
336.Elihu Root, Peace, 1912
 337.Albert A. Michelson, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1907
 338.Theodore Roosevelt, Peace, 1906
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:50:11 AM
Venezuela
 1.Baruj Benacerraf, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:50:37 AM
Vietnam
 1.L Ş  ức Thọ, born in French Indochina, Peace, 1973 (declined)
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on November 22, 2012, 03:51:45 AM
Yemen
 1.Tawakel Karman, Peace, 2011
  ( The End )
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on June 17, 2015, 07:54:28 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 06, 2015, 07:00:24 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on March 31, 2016, 07:43:09 PM
Nobel Prize-winning author Kertesz dies

Reuters Imre Kertesz
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on April 01, 2016, 02:40:29 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on May 31, 2016, 05:17:32 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on May 31, 2016, 05:19:23 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on May 31, 2016, 05:20:45 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on May 31, 2016, 05:22:24 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on May 31, 2016, 05:23:55 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on May 31, 2016, 05:25:13 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:06:00 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:07:37 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:08:58 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:10:03 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:11:00 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:11:59 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:13:04 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on July 03, 2016, 06:14:13 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on September 02, 2016, 03:02:32 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on September 08, 2016, 04:15:47 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on September 30, 2016, 04:36:45 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 03, 2016, 10:10:05 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 01:46:02 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 04:43:37 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 04:59:17 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:00:46 AM


 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:01:56 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:03:17 AM


 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:04:39 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:05:45 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:06:36 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:07:41 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 04, 2016, 05:08:30 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: Baljit NABHA on October 05, 2016, 02:11:49 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 05, 2016, 05:57:20 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 06, 2016, 02:45:35 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 08, 2016, 01:55:59 AM


 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 08, 2016, 02:28:06 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 08, 2016, 02:30:09 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 08, 2016, 02:31:15 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 08, 2016, 02:32:20 AM


 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 08, 2016, 02:33:28 AM


 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 08, 2016, 02:37:19 AM


 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 11, 2016, 03:29:10 AM


 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 11, 2016, 04:30:02 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 11, 2016, 04:30:26 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 12, 2016, 03:07:06 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 13, 2016, 09:06:56 PM
Singer-songwriter Bob Dylan wins Nobel Prize for Literature

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 13, 2016, 09:07:54 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 13, 2016, 09:09:03 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 13, 2016, 09:09:57 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 14, 2016, 03:39:33 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 14, 2016, 04:58:10 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 14, 2016, 04:59:34 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 14, 2016, 05:01:31 AM



 
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 14, 2016, 06:34:53 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: PRITAM DASS SHARMA on October 06, 2017, 10:35:18 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 17, 2017, 02:59:03 PM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 27, 2017, 04:48:56 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on October 28, 2017, 10:46:17 AM
http://digitalimages.bhaskar.com/mpcg/epaperimages/28102017/bpl-Rt4885411-large.jpg
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on December 11, 2017, 08:52:15 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on December 12, 2017, 03:17:29 AM

Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on March 01, 2018, 07:34:53 AM
Title: Re: History Of Nobel Prizes
Post by: SHANDAL on March 30, 2018, 08:53:52 AM