Author Topic: Right To Education Act (RTE)  (Read 45960 times)

RAJBHALLA

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #10 on: April 02, 2012, 09:50:03 PM »
Second Anniversary of RTE: Some Highlights
 
There has been improvement at the national level since RTE became operative from 01.04.2010
 
a.      Last year at this time only 15 States had notified the State RTE Rules. Today, this number has increased to 32. Goa and Karnataka are the two States which have yet to notify the RTE Rules. The Ministry continues to follow up with these States.
 
b.      Similarly, last year 11 States had notified the SCPCRs/REPA. Today this number has increased to 21. An Advisory has been issued by the Ministry to States on instituting a Grievance Redressal mechanism to address violations of the RTE Act.
 
c.      31 States have notified the academic authority under section 29 of the RTE Act. This figure was 20 last year. This is significant, because the academic authority under section 29 is responsible for ensuring that the curriculum and evaluation procedure is in accordance with constitutional values and the child centred principles enunciated in the Act. In recent times there has been much media debate on the quality of learning '   " especially when the ASER report was published. Another study undertaken by ASER, titled Inside Primary Schools, pointed out that learning material created by States is often two levels higher than the age-appropriate level. This issue was discussed with State Education Ministers in a conference in January this year. An Advisory on Quality has also been issued by the Ministry to the States.
d.      Most States have issued circulars and notifications to re-iterate the child centred provisions of the RTE Act. These include notifications and circulars prohibiting corporal punishment, detention, expulsion, Board examination at class V, VIII, etc. As it was felt that there was not enough understanding on the rationale for these provisions despite the large number of workshops that the Ministry had conducted a section-by-section rationale of the provisions of the Act was developed and circulated to the States.
 
A document prepared  on the occasion '   " RTE: The 2nd Year '   " gives the status with respect to enrolment indicators, teacher related indicators and infrastructure indicators. It compares data collected with reference dates 30 September 2009 and 30 September 2010. By and large the enrolment indicators are reasonably healthy. There has been a decline in the annual average dropout rate from 9.1 in 2009-10 to 6.9 in 2010-11. There has been an over  5% decline in drop out rate in Bihar (7.06), Jharkhand (5.30), Nagaland (6.23) and Uttar Pradesh (5.65). But, sadly, some States (Haryana, Mizoram) have also shown an increase in drop out rate. The percentage of girls' enrollment to total enrolment at primary and upper primary level has remained at 48. This is on account of their overall share in the population. However, adverse child sex ratio is a cause of concern.
 
Insofar as teachers are concerned, at the national level there is a pupil teacher ratio of 30:1. Since RTE became operative, over 6 lakh teacher posts have been sanctioned under SSA. But despite an overall healthy PTR at the national level, there is concern that at the primary level there are 43% schools with a PTR higher than 30:1. At the upper primary level there are 33% schools with a PTR greater than 35:1. Time has now come for the country to take up rationalisation of teacher deployment seriously, so that all schools have the requisite number of teachers. This undoubtedly needs both political and administrative will.
 
As regards infrastructure, under SSA 4,96,231 classrooms have been sanctioned in the two years since RTE became operative. Much of the civil works under construction will actually be completed in the year to come. Most schools now do have drinking water and toilets but ramps, boundary walls, etc are still required.
 
The country will meet the RTE goals in the coming years. The Government is committed to providing support to States. The Central outlays for implementing the RTE-SSA programme have practically doubled since 2009-10 (Rs 13,100 crore in 2009-10 to Rs 25,555 crore in 2012-13)

rajiv11181

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #11 on: April 02, 2012, 11:19:55 PM »
sir is there no one able to give ans according my query

Hardeep Singh Saini

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #12 on: April 03, 2012, 06:38:28 AM »
RTE is applicable to private schools also.
But they have their own rules according to their comforts.
I suggest u if ur child is really weak in studies let him sit in same class.
its only suggestion.
RTE says no child will be failed in any class between age 6-14.

teacher MATH

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #13 on: April 03, 2012, 02:55:33 PM »
no they can't fail the child it can be challenged

sheemar

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #14 on: April 12, 2012, 01:07:05 PM »
Right to Education is constitutionally valid - SC

April 12, 2012
ew Delhi: The Supreme Court Thursday upheld the constitutional validity of the right to education (RTE) act that mandates unaided private schools to keep 25 percent seats for students from economically and socially weaker sections of society.

However, the court made it clear that this quota would not be applicable to unaided minority institutions.

The apex court bench of Chief Justice S.H. Kapadia and Justice Swatanter Kumar upheld the constitutional validity of Section 12 1C of the RTE act that provides 25 percent reservation for students from weaker sections of society.

However, Justice K.S. Radhakrishnan, in a dissenting judgment, held that the mandate under RTE providing for reservation of seats was not constitutionally valid, thus none of the unaided schools, be it majority or minority, could be compelled to earmark 25 percent seats in their institutions for weaker sections.

The court said the judgment will come into force from Thursday itself, but the admissions already made will not be disturbed.

The Supreme Court was giving its verdict on a batch of petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the RTE law that requires private schools to earmark 25 percent seats for poorer students.

A batch of petitions by the Society for Unaided Private Schools, Independent Schools Federation of India and others had contested the provision in the law under which they had to reserve 25 percent seats for economically weaker sections in their schools.

The schools contended that the reservation for children from vulnerable sections of society violated their right to run educational institutions without the state's interference.

The schools' contention that the reservation for poor students would drain their resources was contested by the government. IANS

RAJ

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #15 on: April 12, 2012, 06:34:44 PM »
शिक्षा अब हर बच्चे का मौलिक अधिकार
Updated on: Thu, 12 Apr 2012 03:18 PM (IST)
 
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शिक्षा अब हर बच्चे का मौलिक अधिकार

नई दिल्ली। देश की शीर्ष अदालत ने गुरुवार को शिक्षा का अधिकार कानून 2009 की संवैधानिक वैधता को बरकरार रखा, जिससे देशभर के सरकारी और गैर सहायता प्राप्त निजी स्कूलों में गरीबों को 25 प्रतिशत निशुल्क सीटें समान रूप से मिल सकेंगी।

मुख्य न्यायाधीश न्यायमूर्ति एस एच कपाड़िया, न्यायमूर्ति के एस राधाकृष्णन और न्यायामूर्ति स्वतंत्र कुमार की पीठ ने बहुमत के आधार पर कहा कि कानून सरकारी और गैर सहायता प्राप्त निजी स्कूलों में समान रूप से लागू होगा। सिर्फ गैर सहायता प्राप्त निजी अल्पसंख्यक स्कूल इसके दायरे से बाहर होंगे।

न्यायमूर्ति राधाकृष्णन ने इससे असहमति जताते हुए राय जाहिर की कि यह कानून उन गैर सहायता प्राप्त निजी स्कूलों और अल्पसंख्यक संस्थानों पर लागू नहीं होगा जो सरकार से कोई सहायता या अनुदान हासिल नहीं करते।

न्यायमूर्ति राधाकृष्णन की राय को न्यायमूर्ति कपाड़िया और न्यायमूर्ति स्वतंत्र कुमार ने उनसे इत्तफाक न रखते हुए कहा कि कानून गैर सहायता प्राप्त निजी स्कूलों पर भी समान रूप से लागू होगा।

शीर्ष अदालत ने स्पष्ट किया कि उसका फैसला तुरंत प्रभावी होगा। इसका अर्थ है कि कानून बनने के बाद से पूर्व में हुए दाखिलों पर यह फैसला लागू नहीं होगा। दूसरे शब्दों में शीर्ष अदालत ने कहा कि इस फैसला का प्रभाव पिछली तारीख से नहीं बल्कि इसके बाद से होगा।

शीर्ष न्यायालय की तीन सदस्यीय पीठ ने पिछले वर्ष तीन अगस्त को गैर सहायता प्राप्त निजी संस्थानों द्वारा दाखिल याचिकाओं पर अपना फैसला सुरक्षित रखा था। इन याचिकाओं में कहा गया था कि शिक्षा का अधिकार कानून निजी शैक्षणिक संस्थानों को अनुच्छेद 19 [।] [जी] के अंतर्गत दिए गए अधिकारों का उल्लंघन करता है, जिसमें निजी प्रबंधकों को सरकार के दखल के बिना अपने संस्थान चलाने की स्वायतत्ता प्रदान की गई है।

मामले में लंबे समय तक चली जिरह के दौरान केंद्र ने कानून के पक्ष में दलीलें देते हुए कहा कि इसका उद्देश्य समाज के सामाजिक और आर्थिक रूप से पिछड़े वर्गों के जीवन स्तर में सुधार लाना है।

केंद्र ने जोर देकर कहा कि समाज के विभिन्न वर्गों में योग्यता और प्रतिभा को सामाजिक और आर्थिक विभिन्नता से अलग रखा जाना चाहिए और एक ही वर्ग के लिए विशिष्ट स्कूलों की बजाय ऐसी समग्र कक्षाओं का आह्वान किया, जिसमें विविध पृष्ठभूमि केच्बच्चे एक साथ आगे बढ़ें।

मामले की मुख्य याचिकाकर्ता राजस्थान की गैर सहायताप्राप्त निजी स्कूल संस्था और विभिन्न निजी स्कूलों का प्रतिनिधित्व करने वाले संघों ने इस आधार पर इस कानून की वैधता को चुनौती दी थी। उनका कहना था कि यह शैक्षणिक संस्थान चलाने के उनके अधिकार पर चोट करता है।

यह कानून संविधान मेंच्अनुच्छेद 21 [ए] के प्रावधान के जरिए तैयार किया गया था, जो कहता है कि सरकार छह से 14 वर्ष की आयु के सभ्च्ी बच्चों को निशुल्क और अनिवार्य शिक्षा प्रदान करे।

याचिकाओं में दलील दी गई थी कि शिक्षा का अधिकार कानून असंवैधानिक है और बुनियादी अधिकारों का उल्लंघन करता है। याचिकाकर्ताओं के अनुसार कानून की धारा 3 गैर सहायताप्राप्त निजी और अल्पसंख्यक संस्थानों पर एक अनिवार्य बाध्यता लगाती है कि वह अपने आसपास के स्कूलों में दाखिला लेने के लिए आने वालेच्हर बच्चे को बिना किसी चयन प्रक्रिया के, दाखिला दे।

RAJ

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #16 on: April 13, 2012, 05:10:07 AM »

RAJ

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #17 on: April 13, 2012, 05:11:52 AM »

RAJ

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #18 on: April 13, 2012, 05:15:39 AM »

krishan gopal

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Re: Right To Education Act (RTE)
« Reply #19 on: April 13, 2012, 04:10:58 PM »
ki koe ds skda hai k 6th to 8th admission kis date tk kiti ja skdi hai ja pher saal doran kdo vi kr skde han ?

 

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