According to a survey on the status of disability in higher education, students with disabilities form only 0.56 percent of the total students in India. The 150 colleges and universities across the country have 15,21,438 students enrolled in various courses, out of which only 8,449 fall under the disabled category.
74.08 percent of these are male and 22.7 percent are female, as per the third edition of the survey by the National Centre for Promotion of Employment of Disabled Peoples (NCPEDP).
Even twenty years after the implementation of the Disability Act, 1995 the aim of 3 percent mandated quota has not been achieved, it is extremely low at 0.5 percent.
Javed Abidi, director, NCPEDP, says that the main obstacle for disabled students is the lack of infrastructure. The buildings are not disabled-friendly and proper transportation isn't provided.
Out of the disabled students who are enrolled at higher education institutions, 46.67 percent have orthopaedic disabilities, students with visual impairment are 32.13 percent, students with speech or hearing impairment are 5.16 per cent and students with other disabilities are 16.05 per cent.
The colleges were chosen on the basis of streams and courses on which the survey was conducted. 150 of the 200 contacted institutions gave a response. Out of these, 16 were IITs and 13 were IIMs.
This percentage was better last year, with the count of disabled students' in institutions at 0.63 percent.