Author Topic: Sikh Religion  (Read 71343 times)

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Sikh Religion
« on: June 27, 2008, 07:47:49 AM »
Sikh (English: [siːk] or [sɪk]; Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖ, sikkh, IPA: ['sɪk.kʰ]) is the title and name given to an adherent of Sikhism. The term has its origin in the Sanskrit "shishya", which means disciple or learner. Many male Sikhs can easily be recognized by their turbans, beards, or steel bracelets on their right wrists. Steel bracelets are also worn by Sikh women.

The evolution of Sikhs began with the emergence of Guru Nanak as a religious leader and a social reformer during the fifteenth century in Punjab. Their identity was formalised and weilded into uniform practise by Guru Gobind Singh on March 30, 1699. The Latter baptised five persons from different social backgrounds to form the social brotherhood of the Khalsa. The first five, Pure Ones, then baptised Gobind Singh into the Khalsa fold.

The Sikhs established a nation, under Ranjit Singh, in the nineteenth century in which they were preeminent. They were known for their military prowess, administrative capabilties, economic productivity and their adaptability to modern western technology and administration.

The Sikhs comprise about two percent of India's billion population. The greater Punjab region is the historic homeland of Sikhism. Most Sikhs are from the Punjabi people and now come from the Punjab region of India, although significant communities exist around the world.

 

Philosophy
Main articles: Sikhism and Sikh Gurus
The core philosophy of the Sikh religion can be understood in the beginning hymn of the holy Guru Granth Sahib,

' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  ' ' ' ''    '''    ' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''    ''  ' ' '    ''' '   ''  ' ' '    '' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   '' ' ' ''  '  ''' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''    ''  ' ' '    ''' '   ''  ' ' ' ''    ''  '  " There is one supreme eternal reality; the truth; immanent in all things; creator of all things; immanent in creation. Without fear and without hatred; not subject to time; beyond birth and death; self-revealing. Known by the Guru' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  ' ' ' ''    '''    ' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''    ''  ' ' '    ''' '   ''  ' ' '    '' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''    ''  ' ' '    ''' '   ''  ' ' '    '' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    '' s grace. ' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  ' ' ' ''    '''    ' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''    ''  ' ' '    ''' '   ''  ' ' '    '' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   '' ' ' ''  '  ''' '   '' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''

Guru Nanak, the founder of the faith, summed up the basis of Sikh lifestyle in three requirements: Naam Japo, Kirat Karni and Wand kay Shako, which means meditate on the holy name (Waheguru), work diligently and honestly and share one's fruits.

The Sikhs revere Guru Granth Sahib as their supreme teacher, as it is a literal transcript of the teachings of the Sikh Gurus. The tenth Guru appointed Guru Granth Sahib as his successor. Compiled by the Sikh Gurus, and maintained in its original form, Sikhs revere Guru Granth Sahib as their supreme guide. Non-Sikhs can partake fully in Sikh prayer meetings and social functions. Their daily prayers include the well being of whole mankind.

The concept of saint-soldier is a unique feature of Sikhism. Every Sikh is required to aspire to sainthood by his devotion to God and service to mankind, but also, according to the situation, to adopt the role of the soldier. A Sikh is also commanded, if necessary and circumstances allow, to lay his or her life down to protect the poor and weak, regardless of race, religion, sex or creed. The Sikhs look at the martyrdom of the 9th Guru for trying to protect Hindus from religious persecution, in Delhi, on 11 November 1675 AD, as an example to be followed.

Sikhs are required not to renounce the world, and aspire to live a modest life. Seva (service) is an integral part of Sikh worship, very easily observed in the Gurdwara. Visitors of any religious or socio-economic background are welcomed, where Langar (food for all) is always served.

The Sikhs also revere Bhaktas or Saints belonging to different social backgrounds. The work of these Bhagats is collected in Guru Granth Sahib, and is known as Bhagat-Bani (sacred word of bhagat) as against work of Sikh Gurus being known as Gur-Bani (sacred word of guru).

Five Ks
 
 
Kanga, Kara and Kirpan - three of the five articles of faith endowed to the Sikhs.

The Five Ks, or panj kakaar/kakke, are five articles of faith that all baptized Sikhs (Khalsa) are required to wear at all times, as commanded by the tenth Sikh Guru, who so ordered on the day of Baisakhi Amrit Sanskar in 1699. The symbols are worn for identification and representation of the ideals of Sikhism, such as honesty, equality, fidelity, meditating on God, and never bowing to tyranny.

The five symbols are:-

Kesh (uncut hair)
Kanga (wooden comb)
Kaccha (specially-designed underwear)
Kara (Iron bracelet)
Kirpan (strapped sword).
 

 
 
 
The Golden Temple is one of the oldest Sikh Gurudwara and houses Akal Takht

This resulted in an explosion of violence against the Sikh community in the Anti Sikh Riots which resulted in the massacre of thousands of Sikhs throughout India; Khushwant Singh described the actions as being a Sikh pogrom in which he "felt like a refugee in my country. In fact, I felt like a Jew in Nazi Germany". Since 1984, relations between Sikhs and Hindus have reached a rapprochement helped by growing economic prosperity; however in 2002 the claims of the popular right-wing Hindu organization the RSS, that "Sikhs are Hindus" angered Sikh sensibilities. Many Sikhs still are campaigning for justice for victims of the violence and the political and economic needs of the Punjab espoused in the Khalistan movement.

In 1996 the Special Rapporteur for the Commission on Human Rights on freedom of religion or belief, Abdelfattah Amor (Tunisia, 1993' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  ' ' ' ''    '''    ' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''    ''  ' ' '    ''' '   ''  ' ' '    '' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''  '  ''' '   '' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''' '   '  '' ' ''    ''' ' '   '' ' ' ''  '  ''' '   ''  '"2004), visited India in order to compose a report on religious discrimination. In 1997, Amor concluded, "it appears that the situation of the Sikhs in the religious field is satisfactory, but that difficulties are arising in the political (foreign interference, terrorism, etc.), economic (in particular with regard to sharing of water supplies) and even occupational fields. Information received from nongovernment (sic)sources indicates that discrimination does exist in certain sectors of the public administration; examples include the decline in the number of Sikhs in the police force and the absence of Sikhs in personal bodyguard units since the murder of Indira Gandhi".

 

Distribution
 
 
Chart showing India's total Sikh population and their percentage of the total Indian population.

Numbering approximately 23 million worldwide, Sikhs make up 0.39% of the world population of which approximately 83% live in India. Of the Indian Sikh community 14.6 million, i.e. 76% of all Indian Sikhs, live in the northern Indian State of Punjab (India), where they form a majority 59.9% of the population. Substantial communities of Sikhs, i.e. greater than 200,000, live in the Indian States/Union territories of Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra, Uttaranchal and Jammu and Kashmir.

Sikh migration from the then British India began in earnest from the 2nd half of the 19th century when the British had completed their annexation of the Punjab. The British Raj preferentially recruited Sikhs in the Indian Civil Service and, in particular, the British Indian Army, which led to migration of Sikhs to different parts of British India and the British Empire. During the era of the British Raj, semiskilled Sikh artisans were also transported from the Punjab to British East Africa to help in the building of railways. After World War II, Sikhs emigrated from both India and Pakistan, most going to the United Kingdom but many also headed for North America. Some of the Sikhs who had settled in eastern Africa were expelled by Ugandan dictator Idi Amin in 1972. Subsequently the main 'push' factor for Sikh migration has been economic with significant Sikh communities now being found in Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, Malaysia, East Africa, Australasia and Thailand.

 
Map showing world Sikh population areas and historical migration patterns (Est. 2004).

Whilst the rate of Sikh migration from the Punjab has remained high, traditional patterns of Sikh migration, that favored English speaking countries, particularly the United Kingdom has changed in the past decade due to factors such as stricter immigration procedures. Moliner(2006) states that as a consequence of the 'fact' that Sikh migration to the UK had "become virtually impossible since the late 1970s", Sikh migration patterns altered to continental Europe. Italy has now emerged as a fast growing area for Sikh migration, with Reggio Emilia and the Vicenza province being areas of significant Sikh population clusters. The Italian Sikhs are generally involved in areas of agriculture, agro-processing, machine tools and horticulture.

Due primarily to socio-economic reasons, Indian Sikhs have the lowest adjusted decadal growth rate of any major religious group in India, at 16.9% per decade (est. 1991' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  ' ' ' ''    '''    ' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''    ''  ' ' '    ''' '   ''  ' ' '    '' ' '   '  '' ' ''    ''  ' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''' '   '  '' '   ''  '' '   ''  '  ' '    '' ' '   '  '' '    '' ' '   '' ' ' ''  '  ''' '   '' ' '   ''  '  ' '    ''' '   '  '' ' ''    ''' ' '   '' ' ' ''  '  ''' '   ''  '"2001). Johnson and Barrett(2004) estimate that the global Sikh population increases annually by 392,633 Sikhs, i.e. by 1.7% p.a. on 2004 figures, this growth rate takes into account factors such as births, deaths and conversions.

   

manpreet singh

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know more about sikhism
« Reply #1 on: June 28, 2008, 02:36:24 PM »
ask me any question related to sikhism in this 1 of the best forums

<--Jack-->

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Re: know more about sikhism
« Reply #2 on: June 28, 2008, 04:01:40 PM »
Tell us about ten Gurus of Sikhism...............

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Sikh Pictures
« Reply #3 on: July 19, 2008, 05:01:32 AM »

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Re: Sikh Pictures
« Reply #4 on: July 19, 2008, 05:02:19 AM »

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Re: Sikh Pictures
« Reply #5 on: July 19, 2008, 05:02:40 AM »

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Re: Sikh Pictures
« Reply #6 on: July 19, 2008, 05:02:57 AM »

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Re: Sikh Pictures
« Reply #7 on: July 19, 2008, 05:03:20 AM »

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Re: Sikh Pictures
« Reply #8 on: July 19, 2008, 05:03:39 AM »

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Re: Sikh Pictures
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